OALib Journal
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Apr 30, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Impact of Sputum Sampling Instructional Video on Ziehl-Neelsen Positivity in Tuberculosis Diagnostic Centers at BOMA: Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

Alexis Keya Sumbu, Aliocha Nkodila Natuhoyila, Lionnel Bahinzi, Octavie Lunguya Metila, Ahuka Mundeke Steve, Benjamin Longo Mbenza
Background and Purpose: Tuberculosis is a global scourge. In DRC, Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) is the most widely used reference test for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Its performance can be improved by certain strategies before sputum collection, particularly the instructional video. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the instructional video showing and explaining appropriate sputum collection techniques for the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Methods: Multicenter, si...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107328


Apr 26, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Hypertension among Adults living in the City of Bandundu, Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Ferdinand Mukoso Ngakieb, Aliocha Nkodila Natuhoyila, Francois Lepira Bompeka, Pascal Bayauli, Yves Lubenga, Benjamin Kingama Munsi, Joseph Shambo Bakali, Tresor Ndongala Nsusu, Zéphirin Kamuanga, Oscar Nsu’kier Kolenziame, Philippe Lukanu Ngwala, Jean René M’Buyamba Kabangu, Benjamin Longo Mbenza
Background and Aim: In limited resource settings, reliable epidemiological data generated from hypertension high risk geographical areas or people is a prerequisite for the planning of proven and effective interventions. The aim of the present survey was to assess the prevalence, awareness, control and factors associated with hypertension in adults living in the port City of Bandundu, located in the southwestern part of DRC. Methods: a cross-sectional survey using a modified WHO STEPwise questio...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107303


Apr 25, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Neurocognitive Disorders and HIV/AIDS: A Review of the Literature

Robert Mahamud Mussa, Gilbert Lelo Mananga, Désiré Katumbay Tshala, King Lovonga Toko, Nkodila Aliocha
Background and aim: Since the discovery of ARVs, HIV/AIDS has become a chronic disease with the corollary of the aging of person living with HIV (PLHIV). This paradoxical aging is unfortunately accompanied by neurocognitive disorders (NCDs), which can be detected by the clinic and neuropsychological tests. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of NCDs before and after the era of antiretrovirals (ARVs). Methods: A retrospective study compared the prevalences of NCDs before and after t...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107308


Mar 31, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Epidemiological Profile of Childbirth among Primiparous Women in Rural Areas of Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

Héman Kabemba Bukasa, Teiggy Birhula Mongane, Sylvain Kilima Kunda, Lutula B’Tient Jean-Jacques Saturnin, David Libala Ayumba, James Kayembe Tube, Abigael Mukonkole Kapenga, Jean-Pally Ngoyi-Ngoyi Kampule, John Ntabo Shebeni, Didier Kasumba Ilunga, Clement Ngindu Ilunga, Ghislain Kalombo Mushinga, Tshite Tshite
Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa remains one of the areas where maternal deaths are most prevalent. This situation is linked to a number of maternal risk factors including obstetric experience, age, disease history, socio-economic conditions and the quality of the health system. The objective of this study is to determine the epidemiological profile of childbirth in rural primiparous women. Methods: This is a multi-centre, retrospective and descriptive cross-sectional study among primiparous wom...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107243


Jan 29, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Clinical and Epidemiological Aspects of Certain Diseases with Weekly Notification in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Case of Three Hospitals in Lubumbashi

Basema Kindja Marie-France, Mishika Lukusa Patricia, Ramazani Mupuluzi Theophile, Kampentenga Tshitenga Serges, Kimba Mukanya Pascal, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Kabyla Ilunga Benjamin
Introduction: In popular opinion, costs are equated with expenses, in other words, by costs we mean amounts that have to be spent on something. So, we often talk about health costs, when in fact we mean health expenditure, that is, all monetary expenses incurred in the framework of the health system. Methodology: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with an analytical aim on the cost and the clinical and epidemiological aspects of diseases with weekly notification in children aged 0 - 5 y...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107051


Dec 31, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Medics Role in Promoting Health Consciousness and Positive Body Image on Instagram

Mohammed Qureshi, Rasan Burhan, Raphael Olaiya, Sohaib Imtiaz, Ethan Smallwood, Asif Munaf
The exponential growth of social media over the last decade has had a dramatic impact on people’s perceptions of body image. We conducted a study looking at how users feel body image has been affected by Instagram—and if medics (doctors and medical students) could aid in combatting these negative perceptions. We did this by sharing a five-part online survey over the course of 17 days. We received 113 responses in total, 80.5% of which were from the United Kingdom, the majority (73%) from people ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107060


Dec 18, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Cross-Sectional Study of Quality of Life of Caregivers of Mentally Retarded Children in S District of Chongqing China

Wenxia Li, Lijun Wang, Qian Peng, Xue Du, Jun Ma
Introduction: Caregivers are crucial providers of lifelong care for mentally retarded children due to their specific disability, and their rehabilitation training and living standards are closely related to caregivers’ quality of life. Therefore, this study selected S District of Chongqing to conduct a cross-sectional study on the quality of life of caregivers of mentally retarded children. Methodology: The study was conducted at three specialized rehabilitation centers in Chongqing, China, usin...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106986


Dec 17, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Perception and Experience of Women Facing Menopause in the Town of Mbujimayi in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Bukasa Tshilonda Jean Christophe, Kapinga Mukendi Jovial, Kabongo Mwamba Guillaume, Tshibangu Kandala Justin, Mukendi Mukendi Jean René, Kimpitu Kifwame Patrice, Muteba Nkongolo Jean, Ngoyi Eza Ngoyi, Mabuisha Kikudi Frederick, Kitenge Kitenge David, Kamonga Mulenda Fidelie, Mbenga Tshibambe Alain, Eshiba Kasongo André, Kalengo Nsomue Christophe, Kituta Katambue Jean Pierre, Lumanu Mposhi Dieudonné, Mutombo Kabamba André, Wembonyama Okitotsho Stany
Objective: The general objective of our research contributes to the promotion of women’s health during the menopause. Methodology: This research addresses the qualitative phenomenological approach by seeking to try to unveil the perceptions and experiences of women facing menopause. The information was collected in a systematic and prospective manner from the respondents in order to allow us to describe the perceptions and experiences of women facing menopause in our environment. The study was c...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106930


Nov 16, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Combating the Spread of COVID-19, the Challenges Faced and Way forward for the International Community: A Review

Theophilus Pius, Saphurah Nabaasa, Nicholas Kusiima, Ejike Daniel Eze, Blessing Jacob Yashim, Ssebuufu Robinson
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-COV2 has been a great disaster globally; affecting human lives, world economy, social activities, and above all lack of trust among countries of the world. The dreaded disease has about more than 3,713,796 confirmed cases, 263,288 deaths, and 1,341,059 recovered persons in May 2020. The main purpose of this article is to review measures put in place to combat COVID-19, challenges faced, and way forward for the international community. The study revie...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106426


Oct 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior among Jigjiga University Students in Jigjiga Ethiopia, 2018

Meka Kedir Jibril, Meron Kibru
Background: Adolescents and youths are known to be an adventurous group, and often engage in risky behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and early unprotected sexual activity. University students are viewed as being at higher risks to acquire STI or HIV infection and they are categorized under the most at risk population segments due to their inclination to be engaged in risky sexual behavior. Methods: Institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106768


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