OALib Journal
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Nov 16, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Combating the Spread of COVID-19, the Challenges Faced and Way forward for the International Community: A Review

Theophilus Pius, Saphurah Nabaasa, Nicholas Kusiima, Ejike Daniel Eze, Blessing Jacob Yashim, Ssebuufu Robinson
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-COV2 has been a great disaster globally; affecting human lives, world economy, social activities, and above all lack of trust among countries of the world. The dreaded disease has about more than 3,713,796 confirmed cases, 263,288 deaths, and 1,341,059 recovered persons in May 2020. The main purpose of this article is to review measures put in place to combat COVID-19, challenges faced, and way forward for the international community. The study revie...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106426


Oct 20, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Behavior among Jigjiga University Students in Jigjiga Ethiopia, 2018

Meka Kedir Jibril, Meron Kibru
Background: Adolescents and youths are known to be an adventurous group, and often engage in risky behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and early unprotected sexual activity. University students are viewed as being at higher risks to acquire STI or HIV infection and they are categorized under the most at risk population segments due to their inclination to be engaged in risky sexual behavior. Methods: Institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106768


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Oversight Role of the WHO Independent Monitoring of the 2018-19 LLINs Replacement Campaign in Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Abdullahi Saddiq, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Moses Onoh, Nura Shuaib
The World Health Organisation (WHO) independent monitoring report (IMR) for the Long-lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) replacement campaign in Nigeria aims to ensure the campaigns met the minimum WHO standard through monitoring and guiding of the processs to achieve universal LLIN coverage and stop malaria transmission. The concept of an independent monitoring report was an innovation from the Independent Monitoring Board report of the Polio Elimination Programme. The independent monitoring repo...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106640


Sep 25, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Rate of Use of Female Condoms in Sex Professionals in the City of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Alphonsine Kabwe Tshibanda, Jean Kituta Katambue, Godet Kalonda Kabemba, Richard Kabemba Kabemba, Crispin Kasendue Ngoyi, Patrice Kimpitu Kifwame, Mabuisha Kikudi, Cherubin Ngongo Kitengie, Fidélie Kamonga Mulenda, Ngoyi Eza Ngoyi, Sebatien Kitengie Kapafule, Christophe Kalengo Nsomue, André Eshiba Kasongo, Emile Tshiminyi Koloy
Objectives: The general objective is to contribute to the promotion of the protection of professionals against STIs. Methodology: The study is quantitative of descriptive correlational type. Data were collected cross-sectionally using a questionnaire from May 01, 2019 to July 01, 2019 from sex workers living in target neighborhoods. Our study population consists of female sex workers from the above-mentioned neighborhoods, while our sample is 122 obtained on the basis of the inclusion and exclus...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106710


Jun 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Knowledge and Attitude towards Cervical Cancer: A Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Imo State, Nigeria

Ugonma Winnie Dozie, Chiamaka Lilian Nwadi, Chika Polycarp Umunakwe, Nneka Eleano Asuzu, Iheoma Rosemary Obikonu, Ikechukwu Nosike Simplicius Dozie
The study investigated the knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer in Imo State, Nigeria. A sample of 230 female undergraduate students selected from Imo State University participated in the study. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and were analyzed using percentage, mean and Chi-Square. The result showed that the majority (81.7%) of the respondents were in their sexually active ages, the majority (70.0%) of the respondents had a low knowledge of cervical cancer and about...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106441


Jun 10, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Social Determinants and Health Literacy of the Elderly: Walk to Well-Being

Cristina Vaz de Almeida, Ana Veiga
Framework: Research on health determinants reports that health literacy has a significant impact on the quality of life and well-being of individuals (Kottke, Stiefel & Pronk, 2016) organizations (Brach et al., 2012) and communities (when societies go through adverse conditions, for example through an economic, financial crisis, or even the crisis “COVID-19” whose consequences are still to be determined in the effects on the quality of life of individuals. Health literacy is considered as one of...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106390


May 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Analyzing the Health Security System in Japan: Lessons Learned for Bangladesh

Muhammad Kawsar Mahmud
Bangladesh has achieved tremendous success in health sector. Despite remarkable achievements in health security is still a concern for the nation. Most of the people still live in village and grope to receive better health services around them. However, they don’t have scope to consult with anticipated doctors aside from coming in any city. On the other hand, medical expenses are quite high that puts pressure on them. This article explores Japanese’ experience in designing and implementing effec...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106227


May 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Humor Is Important in Healthcare Relationship? —The Perceptions of Doctors and Nurses

Cristina Vaz de Almeida, Cecília Nunes
It has been empirically demonstrated that humor can positively affect psychological and physical well-being, and that sense of humor is a major component of high-hope individuals . Sharing humor contributes to feelings of togetherness, closeness, and friendship and promotes positive communication in prevention, perception, and perspective of results. To assess the perception of health professionals about the use of communication competences, among which, the use of humor in the therapeutic relat...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106372


May 26, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Controlling COVID-19 Pandemic through Wastewater Monitoring

Djamel Ghernaout, Badia Ghernaout
The continuing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) produced via severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Even if the main transmission pathways of SARS-CoV-2 are inhalation from person-to-person and aerosol/droplet transmission, it is proved that the viral ribonucleic acid (RNA) could occur in wastewater, proposing the necessity to better comprehend wastewater as possible sources of epidemiologica...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106411


May 21, 2020Open    AccessArticle

On the Other Side of Viruses in the Background of Water Disinfection

Djamel Ghernaout, Noureddine Elboughdiri
At COVID-19 time, as surface water and urban wastewater will constantly carry microbial pathogens, pathogens should be eliminated at least to degrees that do not have an effect on public health. Among the pathogen groups observed in water, viruses constitute the biggest danger since they frequently appear in much bigger levels and possess much greater infectivity than bacteria and parasitic protozoa. This work highlights the viruses especially in terms of composition and behavior in ecosystems a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106374


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