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May 23, 2024Open    Access

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices towards COVID-19 Vaccination: Comparison Study between Makerere University Medical Students and Katanga Slum Residents, in Uganda

Sanjanaa Srikant,Darshit Ashok Dave,Sserubogo Samuel Gordon,Kyabaggu Christopher,Okello Solomon Roy Jasper,Nabunje Joletta Eleanor,Namatovu Lindah Joyce,Namuli Angella,Serufusa Phillip Zack,Misba Noori,Munabi Ian,Sarah Kiguli
Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic posed unprecedented challenges on global health systems. COVID-19 vaccines emerged crucial in curbing its spread. Existing studies on KAP among medical students and slum community residents revealed mixed findings, with knowledge gaps, misconceptions, and barriers to vaccine acceptance. Understanding KAP of vaccine uptake is essential for effective public health strategies. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess know...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.11, 2024
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1111455


Jan 30, 2024Open    Access

Impact of Behaviour Change Communication on Uptake of Hepatitis B Vaccination among Health Workers in Fako Division, Cameroon

Serge Ngekeng, Alain Chichom-Mefire, Nicholas Tendongfor, Esembeson Malika, Margaret Ebob-Bessem, Simeon Pierre Choukem
Background: Despite WHO estimates of two million healthcare workers (HCWs) who are exposed to hepatitis B virus (HBV) yearly, uptake of the hepatitis B vaccine among HCWs in Cameroon is low. Objective: Our study aimed at testing the effectiveness of a behaviour change communication (BCC) intervention in improving vaccination uptake among HCWs in Fako Division. Methods: We carried out a clustered randomized controlled trial involving HCWs in 12 study hospitals and 12 control hospitals. Baseline ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.11, 2024
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1111084


Sep 27, 2023Open    Access

Retrospective Study of an Epidemic Vibrio cholerae in the Central Region of Ghana: An Evidence from Surveillance Data

Gideon Kwarteng Acheampong, Isaac Owusu, Fidelis Zumah, Ernest Akyereko, Rebecca Ann Mpangah
Background: In October 2016, a cholera outbreak occurred in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Central Region, Ghana, spreading rapidly in peri-urban communities. The Researchers conducted a descriptive analysis of surveillance data to examine the epidemiological characteristics of this outbreak. Methods: The retrospective analysis covered cholera cases from October to December 2016, focusing on onset date, age, sex, rapid diagnostic test (RDT) results, and residence. Pearson’s chi-square/Fisher’s exact...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110603


Apr 20, 2023Open    Access

Melioidosis a Rare Cause of Infective Endocarditis: A Case Report

Chun Kiat Ng, Anuradha P. Radhakrishnan
Burkholderia pseudomallei is an unusual causative organism of infective endocarditis. We present a case of Melioidosis mitral valve endocarditis with dissemination to the liver and kidney in a young woman with underlying SLE with lupus nephritis. Despite the delay in reaching a diagnosis, the patient was successfully treated with intravenous Ceftazidime and oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and was discharged well. The identification of the specific aetiologic organism is important for t...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1110004


Apr 11, 2023Open    Access

Coinfection: Malaria and Hepatitis, a Case Report and a Review of the Literature

Khadija Danaoui, Malika Idalene, Noura Tassi
In Africa, Plasmodium falciparum malaria and hepatitis A virus (HAV) are common infections, although concomitant infections of these two human pathogens are apt to occur, the awareness of their prevalence and eventual significance remains low. Given that both pathogens target the hepatocyte as a host cell for intracellular replication (mosquito-borne malaria parasites silently replicate in suitable hepatocytes before invading red blood cells), direct or immunologically mediated interactio...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109934


Mar 01, 2023Open    Access

Increasing Trend of Mixed Infections of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax among Imported Malaria Cases in Kuwait, a Non-Endemic Country

Ali Sher, Saif A. Latif
Background: Malaria in humans is caused by five Plasmodium species, i.e. Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium knowlesi, which are transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Although a lot of progress has been made in the fight against malaria, an estimated half of the world’s population (-3.95 billion people) in 87 countries and territories is still at risk of malaria. Malaria was eradicate...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.10, 2023
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109733


Dec 22, 2022Open    Access

COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Lebanon

Mariam Mando, Aseel Al Khansa, Yousef Zaitoun, Mariam Chokor, Bilal Elchehimi, Riham Dweik, Batoul Jaafar, Rayan Al Haj, Rim Nahme, Ismaeil Bazzi, Hayssam Chebli
COVID-19 vaccine has become the topic of concern for the world population, and hesitation to vaccinate is among the top 10 global health by the World Health Organization (WHO). Questions about vaccine hesitancy are investigated in a sample (n = 2642) of Lebanese people through an online survey distributed in January 2022. The survey was made up of closed-ended questions that aim to study the relations between sociodemographic factors, general knowledge and attitudes about the COVID-19 vaccine, a...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109331


Nov 25, 2022Open    Access

Guillain-Barré Syndrome Following AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine

Ali Mikdad Hassan, Syeda Marium, Paras Yousuf, Asad Akram Farooqi, Uzair Yaqoob
It’s been more than two years since the first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, and still Coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) is an ongoing burden in many parts of the world. Currently, few vaccines are approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) and are being administered to people to boost their immunity. Since the outbreak of this disease, the number of patients getting vaccinated is increasing with every passing day...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109510


Oct 26, 2022Open    Access

Peripheral Facial Paralysis Post-Vaccination with COVID-19: About Two Cases Observed at the University Hospital of Conakry

Mohamed Lamine Condé, Souleymane Djigué Barry, Mohamed Lamine Touré, Mohamed Tafsir Diallo, Mouloukou Souleymane Doumbouya, Malé Doré, Idrissa Aissatou Camara, Laila Touré, Karinka Diawara, Namory Camara, Idrissa Doumbouya, Gnouma Sidibé, Mohamed Asmaouh Bangoura, Fodé Abass Cissé
Peripheral facial palsy (PFP) is a frequent symptom, dominated by idiopathic forms. Those of toxic origin are rare and poorly documented in the literature. We report the case of two patients with an abrupt onset and rapid resolution of PFP following COVID-19 vaccination. Case 1: Male patient, 45 years old, without any particular history benefited from a corticosteroid therapy (Predsone 1 mg/Kg/D for 10 days) and the evolution was favorable with a total recovery of the facial motricity at D21. Ca...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109332


Sep 16, 2022Open    Access

First Case of Nosocomial Nasal Myiasis Caused by Chrysomya bezziana in Kuwait

Ali Sher, Saif A. Latif
Myiasis is a parasitic infection of live human and animal tissues caused by the invasion of fly larvae or maggots. Nosocomial myiasis usually occurs in bedridden patients while admitted to the hospital. We report nasal myiasis in a 62-year-old Kuwaiti female hospitalized in an intensive care unit in Ibn Sina Hospital in Kuwait city with cerebellar tumor with hematoma, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, bronchial asthma and end-stage renal disease. On the 10th day of admission, she started passing ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1109256


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