OALib Journal
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May 13, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Secondary to Varicella Zoster with Acute Liver Failure

Satesh Ramasundram, Chong Kah Kian
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an aggressive and life threatening syndrome of excessive immune activation. This condition can be inherited or secondary to other diseases. The therapeutic success is directly related to the rapid diagnosis with the patient who have high clinical suspicious index such as febrile illness with cytopenia, liver enzyme derangement, raised serum ferritin and low fibrinogen levels. Infection is a common trigger both in those with a genetic predisposition and...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107367


Apr 22, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Feline Leishmaniasis: A Review on Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Treatment

Bruna Mauri Dias, Luis Fernando Rezende Flegler, Maria Eduarda Pandini Foletto, Luiza Corteletti Torezani, Ana Clara Chagas da Silva, Maira Damaceno Ribeiro, Mariana Caetano Teixeira, Clairton Marcolongo Pereira
Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by the protozoan of the genus Leishmania. It is a tropical disease, considered endemic worldwide and the natural infection occurs through the bite of infected sandflies of the genus Lutzomya. Dogs are considered the main zoonotic reservoirs of this parasite and cats are considered to be potential reservoirs of this disease. Thus, the objective of the study was to review the epidemiology, clinical and laboratory findings, diagnosis, diff...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107337


Mar 22, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Research on the Protection Countermeasures for Asymptomatic Patients in COVID-19

Yan-Yan Wu, Chang-Zheng Chen, Rong-Zhen Huang, Guo-Qing Xu, Bin-Wen Xia, Yang Yang
Objective: To analyze the problems of protection COVID-19 asymptomatic infected patients, so as to ensure the safety of medical staff working in the epidemic and avoid the second outbreak. Methods: Through the analysis of main symptoms of the COVID-19 asymptomatic infected patients. Know the problems that if it is contagious, infectious strength, and the infection route etc. And take some measures such as launching medical observation for the close contacts of COVID-19 patients, investigating in...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107250


Mar 17, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Tuberclosis-HIV Co-Infection in Diagnosis in the Nzanza Health Zone

Carine Nkembi Nzuzi, Marie Onyamboko, Jacques Kokolomami, Herve Alex Tukadila, Aliocha Nkodila Natuhoyila, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza
Aim: To determine the factors associated with the increase in the proportion of HIV-infected TB patients of Kiamvu and Baobab Tuberculosis Screening and Treatment Health Center (TSTHC) in the Nzanza HZ, Matadi, between January 2012 and December 2017. Methods: This was a control case study of 187 HIV-positive TB patients and 187 HIV-negative TB patients followed at the Nzanza HZ Tuberculosis Screening and Treatment Health Center (TSTHC) from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2017. We used Pearson’s...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107105


Dec 31, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Supportive Approach to Covid-19 Treatment with Acupuncture Practice

Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu, Caner Horzum, Saltuk Cabioglu
Nowadays, there is no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19 that has been proven to be safe and effective. Therefore, the prophylactic approach, that is, the preventive approach, especially in risk groups, comes plan to the fore before the disease occurs. In the Covid-19 pandemic, the preventive prophylactic approach becomes even more important as there are doctors, nurses, healthcare professionals and public officials working in this period, especially within the risk group. It is known tha...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106457


Nov 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Measles Outbreak Investigation in Pweto Health Zone—Haut-Katanga Province, DR of the Congo, 2018

Gabriel Kwete Woto Kwete, Ekra Yao, Jacques Kyungu Wa Numbi
Background: Sub-Saharan Africa reports repeated outbreaks of measles, a vaccine-preventable disease, which is notifiable under the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC has reported several outbreaks of measles in the last three years. Poor immunization coverage and weak health systems have been related with measles and other vaccination-preventable diseases’ outbreaks. The DRC has committed to eliminating measles by 2020. In this...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106863


Oct 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Impact of Community Outreaches on Tuberculosis Case Notification in Sardauna Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria

Markus Nzunde, Haruna Ismaila Adamu, Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Chukwuebuka Ugwu, Abe Agbu
Background: According to the Global TB report 2019, a total of 7 million new TB cases were notified globally in 2018, out of an estimated 10 million cases, resulting in a gap of 3 million between the incident and notified TB cases, with Nigeria contributing 12% of such a gap. To address this gap, the WHO Nigeria country office, in collaboration with NTP and support from USAID engaged TB surveillance officers in 12 priority States in 2018. Since then, several active TB case finding interventions ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106856


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Malaria Surveillance at the Patent Medicine Vendors: A Pilot Study in Jigawa State, Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Abdullahi Saddiq, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Umar Garba Bulangu, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Nura Shuaib, Moses Onoh
Background: In Nigeria, the 2018 world malaria report shows that the country’s malaria surveillance system detects less than 20 per cent of the total malaria case. In malaria control programmes, the main source of data is health facility-based and reported routinely through the health information systems. The collected data is mainly for monitoring and evaluation at the programmatic level. Although the adoption of the District Health Information Software (DHIS2) has greatly improved the availabi...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106641


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Oversight Role of the WHO Independent Monitoring of the 2018-19 LLINs Replacement Campaign in Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Abdullahi Saddiq, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Moses Onoh, Nura Shuaib
The World Health Organisation (WHO) independent monitoring report (IMR) for the Long-lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) replacement campaign in Nigeria aims to ensure the campaigns met the minimum WHO standard through monitoring and guiding of the processs to achieve universal LLIN coverage and stop malaria transmission. The concept of an independent monitoring report was an innovation from the Independent Monitoring Board report of the Polio Elimination Programme. The independent monitoring repo...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106640


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

COVID-19: Transmission, Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Ebidor Ufoumanefe Lawani-Luwaji, Augustine Oziegbe Akhogba
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2) the virus responsible for the outbreak of the 2020 pandemic at the Wuhan city in China belongs to the coronavirus family. While the disease rages, scientists are striving to discover drugs and vaccines to combat the virus. Person to person transmission has been the major source of transmission in respiratory droplets from an infected or an asymptomatic infected person to another and indirectly by virus contamination of objects. There ha...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106496


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