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Apr 28, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Effects of Oil Production on Groundwater Levels in Lokichar Basin, Turkana County, Kenya

Franklin Muchiri Gitari, Mary K. Makokha, Chris A. Shisanya, David Mbugua
Increased groundwater abstraction may lead to decline in water levels. This study investigated the effects of oil production on groundwater levels in Lokichar basin in Turkana County, Kenya. The specific objectives were to: 1) establish changes in groundwater demand and 2) determine borehole water levels in the study area. Water levels for two boreholes within the study area were recorded between 12th August and 11th September 2020. The Kenya Ministry of Water and Irrigation Design Manual guidel...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108668


Feb 28, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Trace Metals Evaluation of Groundwater in the Granito-Basaltic Fractured Rock Aquiferous Formations in Bafoussam, West Region—Cameroon

Jovens Nyangang Aduck, Agbor Ngale Ma-Effeti, Sharon Ntube Ngwese, Richard Ayuk II Akoachere
Bafoussam is situated between latitude 5.42N - 5.60N and longitude 10.38E - 10.48E, is the capital and largest city in the Western Region of Cameroon. Increased urbanization and agricultural activities have potentials for trace metal pollution of groundwater. As such, trace metals evaluation of groundwater in Bafoussam is among the most important environmental issues related to contamination from natural and anthropogenic sources. This study investigated the trace metal content of groundwater so...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108331


Jan 28, 2022Open    AccessArticle

The Review of Water Use Efficiency and Water Productivity Metrics and Their Role in Sustainable Water Resources Management

Dominico B. Kilemo
Our planet faces a challenge of producing food to meet the demand of current population which is projected to increase by the year 2050. This implies producing more food from the existing fresh water resources which are already stressed. This is because agriculture accounts for 70% global fresh water consumption; the rest is domestic and industrial use. Yet, water is unevenly distributed globally, causing some countries to be water-rich and others water-poor. Agricultural water management provid...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107075


Jan 14, 2022Open    AccessArticle

Trace Element Evaluation of Groundwater in Douala, Cameroon

Ngwese Sharon Ntube, Aduck Jovens Nyangang, Ma-Effeti Ngale Agbor, Akoachere Richard Ayuk II
Douala, situated between latitude 4.00 - 4.15 and longitude 9.65 - 9.95, is the economic capital of Cameroon in the Littoral Region and it hosts more than 80% of the industries in the Country. Increased urbanization and agricultural activities have a potential for trace metal contamination as such, the trace metal evaluation of groundwater in Douala begs our attention. This study investigated the trace metal content of groundwater sources; determined estimates of the health hazard and pollution ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.9, 2022
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108267


Dec 30, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Hydrogeochemical and Biological Evaluation of Packaged Groundwater Sold in Douala City, Cameroon

Ma-Effeti Ngale Agbor, Ngwese Sharon Ntube, Aduck Jovens Nyangang, Akoachere Richard Ayuk II
Douala is the economic capital of Cameroon situated between latitude 4.00 - 4.15 and longitude 9.65 - 9.95 with an estimated population of over two million and 65,000 households connected to the water supply network. The Douala/Kribi-Campo Basin is a divergent, marginal rift basin and one of the two Atlantic coastal basins of Cameroon, the other being the Rio del Rey Basin. This study evaluates the quality of packaged (Bottled/Sachet/Refilled) groundwater in Douala using hydrogeochemical tools: ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1108227


Jun 28, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting for Sustainable Development of Households in City of Kigali: Case of Niboye Sector in Kicukiro-District

Boaz M. Kagabika, Odette Kankuyu
Fresh water is becoming increasingly scarce everywhere around the world especially in developing countries including Rwanda due to population growth. Rooftop rainwater harvesting as the most traditional and sustainable method, could be easily used for potable if well collected and managed. This paper was to analyze how households of the Niboye Sector harvest the rainwater, use it and the challenges they face in this practice. The findings from a survey conducted in the area revealed that RWH is ...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106567


May 28, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Impacts of Sea Level Rise Hazards in Douala-Cameroon

Mary Lum Fonteh Niba, Samba Gideon
Global warming and its associated impacts of Sea Level Rise hazards of flooding by storm surge, inundation, salt water intrusion to ground water, salt water incursion to rivers/estuaries affects low lying coastal Countries and small islands. Douala, with ecological and socio-economic vital values for the country is exposed to and should be prepared for the impacts of Sea Level Rise hazards while partaking in mitigation schemes. Consequently, vulnerability of fresh water resources of Sea Level Ri...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107427


Apr 07, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Energy Sector Status and Hydropower Development in the Eastern Nile Basin

Habtamu Diriba, Fengting Li
Water has historically been used by humans for several purposes, such as power generation, domestic use, and irrigation. However, water management in the Nile Basin and, overall, in Africa faces social, technical, economic, political, and environmental challenges. Energy consumption levels are directly proportional to economic growth and development. The Nile Basin nations have an estimated 140,000 megawatts (MW) of hydropower potential, but a small fraction is exploited except for Egypt. Mainly...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107338


Jan 20, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Water Scarcity in Kenya: Current Status, Challenges and Future Solutions

Faith Mulwa, Zhuo Li, Fangnon Firmin Fangninou
Growing water demand and water scarcity have turned into a prominent challenge to livelihood in several parts worldwide. Global warming, water pollution, population growth, urbanization, and poor management of water resources have aggravated the issue of the water crisis. Water scarcity is expected to affect socio-economic activities, food security, education, health, and intensity climate change, hereby has caught the attention of the public. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107096


Nov 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

An Assessment of the Water, Irrigation, and Food Security by a Fishbone Analysis in Turkey

A. Ahmet Yücer, Feyza Nur Ayhan
The use of water resources is ineffective although Turkey has insufficient freshwater resources. Dry farming is practiced in a large part of agricultural land. This land due to insufficient precipitation throughout the country is left to fallow once in two years. Agricultural drought is becoming a severe challenge for agriculture and food security, and it may also impact the wealth of farmers by agriculture income. So, it causes widespread concern among the rural population. There is a close rel...
Open Access Library J.   Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106929


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