objective: to analyze radiological findings observed at high-resolution computed tomography in patients with sarcoidosis, and establishing their correlation with pathological findings. materials and methods: high-resolution computed tomography findings in ten patients with sarcoidosis were reviewed and correlated with findings in specimens obtained by surgical biopsy or at necropsy of four of such patients. results: the most frequently observed finding was presence of nodules with perilymphatic distribution, predominating along bronchovascular sheaths and pleural surface, with subpleural nodules and nodular scissurae. other less frequent findings were ground-glass attenuation and interlobular septa thickening. conclusion: in general, all the mentioned findings demonstrated anatomopathological correlation with development of granulomas in these regions.