introduction: the impingement syndrome is an inflammatory and degenerative pathology that is characterized for mechanic impingement of definitive structures located in the umerocoracoacromial space of the joint. it is the most common problem of the escapular joint with superior prevalence in 40 and 50-year-old individuals, however, for being closely related to some labor and sport activities, it has become much more frequent in young adults. by means of the raised number of patients and with the intention to guide the large number of health professionals on the necessity of early treatment of the pathology, the aim of this study is to present the models of the impingement syndrome treatment and the physicaltherapy′s importance in the conservative treatment. metodologia: a scientific literature review was carried through with accessing the diverse literary reports on the subject and national and international articles search through the internet. results: the conservative treatment of the impingement syndrome involves a group of procedures to go through measures analgesic, anti-inflammatory and physiotherapy, being the last, indispensable tool in the recovery process. conclusion: to the end of the study it can be concluded that the conservative treatment is frequently used in the impingement syndrome treatment and that the physicaltherapy is the more indicated therapeutical modality, associated to a guided and re-education program about the activities that can make it difficult the process of full recovery. however, the treatment plan depends directly on the illness evolution phase, since in the case of failure of the conservative treatment, the surgery could be indicated.