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Formación proporcionada a los pacientes de diálisis peritoneal domiciliaria en Espa?a

DOI: 10.4321/S1139-13752008000100003

Keywords: training plan, chronic renal insufficiency, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, automated peritoneal dialysis.

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the aim of this work is to know the training programme for home peritoneal dialysis patients in spain. for the study a survey was designed with 50 closed questions and one open question. it was sent to 104 hospitals and participation of 78.84% was obtained (n=82). the average number of peritoneal dialysis patients in the centres surveyed was 27.6 patients: 15.8 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and 11.8 on automated peritoneal dialysis. with the rest of the questions we investigated the teaching methodology used in the different units, the involvement of the family in the training plans, the basic knowledge imparted to the patient on chronic renal insufficiency, the activities necessary to carry out the treatment, the preparation provided so that they can deal with minor incidents and emergencies and to improve their quality of life. questions were asked about the training plan for self-sufficient patients who were on automated peritoneal dialysis and finally, a section was left for the different centres to add anything not included in the survey. with the results obtained we were able to conclude that 92.1% of the centres in spain have a training plan that can prepare patients or the informal carer to give the treatment in a safe way at home, provide them with basic knowledge on the illness and routine activities for the treatment, deal with incidents and emergencies and improve their quality of life while on dialysis.


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