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Jun 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Review on: The Effect of Mixing Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer on Productivity and Soil Fertility

Tesfaye Burju Roba
Depletion of soil fertility is a main problem to sustain agricultural production and productivity in many countries. The use of inorganic or organic fertilizer alone has both positive and negative effects on plant growth, nutrient availa-bility and the soil. Organic fertilizer improves physical and biological activities of soil but they have comparatively low in nutrient content, so larger quantity is required for plant growth. Ho
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Apr 18, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Linking Soil Conservation in Potato Production Systems in the Highlands of Southwestern Uganda to Gender and Farmer-Market Types

Robert Muzira, John Steven Tenywa, Twaha Basamba
Rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa develop different livelihood strategies driven by opportunities and constraints encountered in existing biophysical and socioeconomic environments. A study on gender effects under two market linkages on investments in soil conservation innovations in potato production systems was conducted in the highlands of southwestern Uganda. There were significant differences in lan
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Apr 08, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Microbial Inoculants Development for Bioremediation of Gasoline and Diesel Contaminated Soil

Aline Jaime Leal, Edmo Montes Rodrigues, Rita de Cássia Rocha Fernandes, Arnaldo Chaer Borges, Aline Daniela Lopes Júlio, Fernanda de Souza Freitas, Marcos Rogério Tótola
In this study, we describe the development of microbial inoculants for the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils through the enrichment of hydrocarbonoclastic populations in municipal solid waste compost (MSWC). Respirometric analyses were performed along with quantification of total heterotrophic bacteria and ester-linked fatty acid methyl ester (EL-FAME) profiling of the microbial communities o
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Mar 14, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Assessment of Soil Nutrients Limiting Sustainable Potato Production in the Highlands of South-Western Uganda

Robert Muzira, Twaha Basamba, John Steven Tenywa
Soil fertility management is one of the major strategies for improving potato productivity in the highlands of south-western Uganda. Land belonging to potato farmers is highly fragmented hindering sustainable potato production under small-holder farming systems. Land fragmentation brings a major challenge to small-scale farmers in soil fertility management, increasing costs of production. However, identifying major soil nutrients
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Nov 10, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Impact of Different Methods of Soil Sampling and DNA Extraction on the Identification of Soil Bacterial Abundance under Elevated CO2

Fengxia Li, Saman Bowatte, Paul C. D. Newton, Dongwen Luo
Elevated atmospheric CO2 (eCO2) is anticipated to have marked effects on soil microbial populations. While there is experimental evidence to support this view there are also studies where changes in microbial populations, such as the abundance of bacteria, are suggested but cannot be statistically established. We conducted this study
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Jan 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Germination Kinetics in Two Acacia karroo Hayne Ecotypes under Salinity Conditions

Abdenour Kheloufi, Abdelmalek Chorfi, Lahouaria-Mounia Mansouri
Acacia karroo Hayne is the most important woody invader of grassland in South Africa, and is one of the fastest-growing acacias, and produces high-density wood. This study aims to compare the germinative behaviour of A. karroo seeds collected from two ecotypes geographically and climatically different (Coastal and Steppic area) in
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Sep 14, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Devolution of Potato and Its Method of Restoration

Kazim Garakishi Huseynov
Potato is one of the important strategic areas of agriculture that plays an important role in ensuring of food security. For this, there is a great need for healthy seed material. Research shows that high-quality seed potatoes for the production of seed material which prevents the supply of specified environmental factors have been taken in order to reduce their impact. The ecological condition of Azerbaijan republic allows their
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Aug 17, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Heavy Metal Content of Abattoir Waste and Municipal Sludge in Soil and Water along Jakara River in Kano, Kano State, Nigeria

Ahmad R. Sanda, Idris Ahmad, Calvin Alvin Gaye
Pollution of general environment has increasingly gathered a global interest in this respect; contamination of agricultural soils with heavy metals has always been considered a critical challenge in scientific community. Heavy metals are generally present in agricultural soils at low levels. Due to their cumulative behavior and toxicity, however, they have a potential hazardous effect not only on crop plants but also on human heal
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Mar 14, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Estimating the Soil Erosion by Using Rainfall Data for Selected Stations in Iraq

Osama T. Al-Taai, Dheyaa A. Al-Hassani, Ashwaq M. Mehdi
In this study, was estimated the annual water erosion (drifting) of the soil by using total monthly and annually data rains of the eighteen years for the period from 1993 to 2010 for eighteen monitoring stations in Iraq by using some sophisticated statistics like (Spearman rho, Mann-Kendall and Simple Linear Regression). It was found when analyzing the monthly total rainfall for eighteen years that rainfall varied according to the station height and geographic location as well as by months where...


Nov 27, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Role of Lead on Chlorophylls and Soluble Proteins in Some Cultivars of Triticum aestivum L. under Osmotic Potential

K. A. Farghali, Afnan S. A. Quronfulah

The changes of chlorophylls and main metabolites in three cultivars of Triticum aestivum L. under the effects of osmotic and lead stresses, as well as their interaction, were investigated. The results indicated that, the decreased Ψs and Pb concentration caused an increase in the chlorophyll content in all plants. Conversely, the chl. a/b ratio was decreased. Apparently, the total soluble proteins were increased in response to low

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