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Jul 16, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Production of Tea from Turkey Berry

Adonu Regina, Amoah Millicent, Mensah Eric
Tea is consumed for different reasons and by different people around the world. Most people are increasingly becoming aware of the benefits of consuming herbal beverages, hence the need for production of tea from health and medicinal plants. This work was aimed to produce tea from Turkey berry and access the acceptance of Turkey berry tea in when compared with other tea product on the market. Sensory evaluation was done on a five-

Mar 30, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Agronomic Performance and Sensory Evaluation of Lablab (Lablab purpureus L. Sweet) Accessions for Human Consumption in Uganda

Peace Kankwatsa, Robert Muzira
Lablab (Lablab purpureus) germplasm was evaluated to identify high grain yielding and palatable accessions that were suitable for human consumption in Uganda. A preference analysis was done to identify accessions that had a high probability of being accepted by farmers. Accessions 29399, 29400, 29803, 30701, 31364, CQ3620, Q5427, Q6988, 52518B, Q6880B, 31364, CQ

Dec 20, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Ionic Liquid Based Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction of Oleanolic Acid from Grape Seeds

Xifeng Zhang, Xue Li, Qian He, Bin Zhang, Xue Zheng
Ionic liquid based ultrasonic-assisted extraction (ILUAE) was successfully applied to extract Oleanolic acid (OA) from grape seeds. Different kinds of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquids with different kinds of cations and anions were studied and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C4mim]Cl) solution was selected as extractants. The optimal conditions of ILUAE were determin

Dec 20, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Challenges of Food Security in Nigeria

Saheed Matemilola, Isa Elegbede
Squealing to the discovery of petroleum, Nigeria has rapidly grown into a major food importing nation as the government has become neglectful of the agricultural sector since petroleum is considered a more viable resource for economic development. This situation quickly polarized the nation into high and low income groups. Unfortunately, while only small fraction of the population benefited from the oil wealth, the

Dec 15, 2017Open    AccessArticle

A Traditional Turkish Palate Taste: Cag Kebab

Abdurrahman Kara
Cag kebab is a sort of kebab similar to doner kebab that has traditionally been known and eaten in villages and city centres of Tortum, Uzundere, Oltu, Olur and Senkaya districts of Erzurum province along with Yusufeli district of Artvin for centuries. Like doner kebab, skewered meat on a big skewer is roasted by turning around its long axis. However, what makes it different from doner is that

Nov 23, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Content and Antioxidant Activities of Ten Malaysian Wild Mushrooms

Jinting Azieana, Mohd Noor Zainon, Abdullah Noriham, Mat Nor Rohana
Mushrooms have been studied and found to accumulate a variety of secondary metabolites with antioxidant activities such as phenolic compounds. Besides phenolics, other bioactive components such as flavanoids from mushrooms are also generally associated with antioxidant activities. Previous studies have reported the association of mushrooms with their antioxidant potentials. However, very few studies are related t

Nov 09, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Investigation of Contributing Factors to Scombroid Fish Poisoning among Dar es Salaam City Residents in Tanzania

Ngwengwe Bulula, Veronica Mugoyela, Eliangiringa Kaale
Scombroid fish poisoning is a mild to moderate form of food poisoning caused by eating spoiled or bacterial contaminated fish after capture or during subsequent handling and storage. Its symptoms are similar to those of fish allergy though it gives negative results to allergy tests. Because of that, most clinicians misdiagnose scombroid or histamine fish poisoning, and erroneously advise their

Jun 08, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Protein Extraction from Grape Seeds by Reverse Micelles: Optimization of the Forward Extraction

Xifeng Zhang, Yunyun Hou, Fenqin Zhang, Guanghong Luo
The optimization of the reverse micelles extraction of protein from grape seeds was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM). Based on the Plackett-Burman design and steepest ascent, CTAB concentration, pH, NaCl concentration and crude protein concentration were selected as the most extract conditions. Subsequently, the optimum combination of the selected factors was investigated by the Box-Behnken design. The final co

May 11, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Sustainable Water Resources Management for Food Security in Kenya: Case of Bwathonaro Catchment

Chris A. Shisanya, Simon M. Onywere, Joy A. Obando
Food security is important in Kenya today. Bwathonaro sub-catchment in Tana catchment is experiencing food insecurity and severe water related challenges due to high population pressure and over-reliance on irrigated agriculture for livelihood. Bwathonaro river supports irrigated agriculture, which is a major source of livelihood for people in the watershed. These challenges include: water pollution, inappropriate solid waste disp

May 08, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Antioxidant Potential of Marolo Jam (Annona crassiflora Mart) during Storage

Clarissa Damiani, Edson Pablo Silva, Fernanda Salamoni Becker, Douglas Enrico Endrigo, Eduardo Ramirez Asquieri, Flávio Alves da Silva, Eduardo Valério de Barros Vilas Boas
Marolo is a typical fruit of Brazilian Cerrado Biome or Savannah Brazilian, consumed for many years by the regional population, and little known in other regions. This research aimed to study physical and chemical characteristics of jam and evaluate the presence and behavior of antioxidants to over 12 months of storage. Values were determined for humidity, ash, protein, lipids, carbohydrates, calories, sugar, fiber, pectin, pH, to