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Dec 20, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among Adolescents Schooled in Public Schools

Khalid Astitene, Amina Barkat1, Laila Lahlou
Objective: A traumatic event has a negative impact on the psychological well-being of adolescents, the purpose of our study is to assess the post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD in adolescents in public schools of the prefecture of Salé in Morocco, to evaluate comorbid disorders and thus to study the effect of PTSD on their social and academic life. Method and measures: 871 school adolescents who completed the objectives of the stu

Nov 30, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Happiness and Optimism Interventions at Work: Gender Differences

Alejandro Sanín-Posada, Marisa Salanova Soria, Pablo Vera-Villaroel
The aim of this quasi-experimental study was to analyze the changes derived from happiness and optimism interventions in 12 groups of employees chosen at random in two Colombian companies. For the happiness intervention, three conditions were applied: Expressing Gratitude, Acts of Kindness and Pencil in the Mouth. In the case of optimism, three other conditions were used: Breaking the Routine, Reformulating Goals and Resignifying Failure. In addition, an-swers from a control group, a placebo gro...

Oct 24, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Schooled Adolescents in Detention

Khalid Astitene, Amina Barkat
Objective: The detention have a negative impact on the psychological well-being of adolescents in detention; the purpose of our study is to assess the post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD in a incarcerated adolescents in school at the level of the centre of reform and discipline of the prefecture of Salé in Morocco, to evaluate comorbid disorders and thus to study the effect of PTSD on their social and school life. Meth

Sep 11, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Insight or Originality: A Spray in the River of Creative Thinking

Yan Wang, Qinlong Hou
One synthetic model of creativity was proposed, which tried to unify the dispute whether creativity was domain generality or specificity by supporting domain generality-specificity duality. The creative thinking process included convergent thinking, divergent thinking and insight (originality).

Aug 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Still Stigmatized? People’s Beliefs and Attitudes about Mental Illness and Dangerousness

Raqota Berger
Those with mental illnesses have long had to face social rejection and isolation. The social stigma that comes with having a mental illness has real consequences on the lives and experiences of those trying to manage mental health conditions. This study looked at people’s attitudes and perceptions about those with mental illnesses in regard to dangerousness and potential violent behavior. The findings of this study demonstrated th

Aug 09, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Leap of Mind of Linguistic Humans over Animals

Zi-Jian Cai
Recently, it was suggested by Cai a new semantic/syntactic/episodic model of language, encompassing the sentential meanings to the neural linguistic components, and making it possible to install the whole linguistic functions into robots through the three semantic/syntactic/episodic components. In this article, it is considered some improvements of language brought to the brain and mind of humans over animals, and accordingly some

Jun 29, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Implications of Complicated Grief for the Sleep

Thiago De Almeida
Complicated grief is a situation in which the individual, faced with a loss, does not present adaptive responses in dealing with this stimulus. This study aimed to understand how Complicated Grief may be a factor that may interfere in the sleep process, seeking possible relationships between these two themes. Thus, a review of the literature dealing with complicated grief and the sleep process has been done. It can be observed in

May 11, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Homosexuality: Brief History and Considerations on the Manifestation of Jealousy in Homosexual Relationships

Thiago de Almeida, Rafael Diniz de Lima, Joao Marcos Panho, Paulo Franklin Canezin
The jealousy is a reaction to a real or imagined threat perceived at an estimated relationship. The jealousy is present to a greater or lesser extent in all at some point in life. This study aims to understand how jealousy is experienced by homosexual couples, identifying if such mechanisms are similar or different of the heterosexual jealousy. To address this objective, we performed a systematic review of the literature on this s

Apr 29, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Predictive Capacity of Psychopathological Symptoms for Spanish Adolescents’ Future Expectations

Laura Verdugo, Yolanda Sánchez-Sandoval
This study examines the association between psychopathological problems and future expectations in Spanish early adolescents. Participants were 781 students (48.5% female) from 11 secondary schools, aged 11 - 15 years (M = 12.37, SD = 0.66). The students were of middle and middle-low socioecon

Jan 17, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Alienation and Health in Adolescents: An Original Evaluation Tool

Gina Tomé, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Inês Camacho, Celeste Simoes, Marta Reis, Paulo Gomes
The present work aims to construct and validate a tool enabling to evaluate alienation in Portuguese adolescents. Participants were a group of adolescents that participated in the Portuguese survey of the European study Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). For this study, only adolescents from the 8th and 10th grades were