OALib 期刊
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Aug 27, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Ocular Findings of Cryptococcal Meningitis in HIV-AIDS Patients

Miriam Díaz, Bety Yánez
Purpose: To describe the ophthalmological characteristics, clinical course and visual prognosis of HIV-AIDS patients with cryptococcal meningitis. Methods: Retrospective study conducted in HIV-AIDS diagnosed outpatients treated at Dos de Mayo Hospital, from 2004 to 2014. Descriptive statistics were obtained for age, gender, associated diseases, CD4 T cell counts, antiretroviral therapy (ART), cryptococcal meningitis symptoms, rela

Jan 11, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Prognostic Value of the Ocular Trauma Score in Traumatic Open Globe Injuries in the Philippines: A Five-Year Retrospective Study —Prognostic Value of the Ocular Trauma Score in Open Globe Injuries

Raymond Nelson C. Regalado, Ruben Lim Bon Siong, Archimedes Lee D. Agahan, Anthony F. Felipe
PURPOSE: To determine the prognostic value of the Ocular Trauma Score (OTS) in patients with traumatic open globe injuries. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with traumatic open globe injuries seen in a tertiary eye center in the Philippines from 2008 to 2013. Patients with traumatic open globe injuries who were at least 18 years of age upon first consult and with documented visual acuity at the

Oct 12, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Contact Lens-Related Infectious Keratitis: Review of 29 Cases

Sana Khochtali, Nadia Daldoul, Sourour Zina, Imen Ksiaa, Sonia Zaouali, Béchir Jelliti, Moncef Khairallah
Aim: To describe the epidemiological, clinical, microbiological and therapeutic features of corneal abscesses related to Contact Lens (CL) wear. Patients and Methods: Retrospective review of 29 patients (29 eyes) with infectious keratitis associated with contact lens wearing was conducted at Ophthalmology Department Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital of Monastir, Tunisia between January 2006 and Jun

Jun 14, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Effectiveness of Optic Decompression by Endoscopic Endonasal Approach on Patients with Traumatic Fracture of Optic Canal

Rongjiang Luo, Zhichao Yan, Wentong Xia, Xianping Zeng, Rui Xu, Hexin Chen
Traumatic fracture of optic canal is a severe injury to the optic nerve and often causes permanent visual loss, and it is difficult to treat. This study is to evaluate the effectiveness of decompression of optic canal by nasal endoscope. Operation of optic canal decompression was performed on 210 cases (212 sides) with traumatic fracture of optic canal. Clinical effectiveness was assessed based on improvement of visual acuity. Aft

Apr 26, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Anisometropia Magnitude and Amblyopia Depth in Previously Untreated Unilateral Amblyopia Patients

Seref Istek
Objective: The study aimed to investigate the association among the depth of amblyopia, the magnitude of anisometropia, age, sex and laterality. Methods: A retrospective review of 13,146 patients was performed and 64 patients with unilateral anisometropic amblyopia were investigated between January 2013 and May 2015 in Hakkari Government Hospital Eye Clinic during my obligatory duty as an ophthalmologist. The depth of amblyopia, t

May 06, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Health Seeking Behaviours of Patients Attending Primary Eye Care Centre in Nigeria

Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin, Yewande Olubunmi Babalola
Purpose: To determine health seeking behaviour in relation to non-orthodox eye medication use among patients attending a primary eye health center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study of consecutive respondents. Participants’ socio-demographic profile, types and pattern of harmful traditional eye medications (HTEMs) use were obtained using a pre-tested questionnaire. Data analysis was by SPSS version 20.0. Results: Of the 303 patients enrolled in the study, 153 (50.5...

Apr 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Wettability and Surface Morphology Investigation of RGP Eye Contact Lens Irradiated by 193 nm Excimer Laser

Tayebeh Ariyafar, Ali Pourakbar Saffar, Peyman Tajalli, Habib Tajalli
In this work, Rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses based on Fluoro Silicone Acrylate, were irradiated by using 193 nm ArFexcimer laser, at 1 Hz pulse repetition rate with 75 mJ/pulse energy to improve surface wettability. We investigated the morphology of the ablated area by imaging the surface modification with Atomic force microscopy (AFM) with roughness analysis and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Characterization techniques were performed too via contact angle measurement in order to...

Feb 04, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Bilateral Scleral Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens Fixation: First Case Made in Togo

Nidain Maneh, Mèba Banla, Komlavi Yayehd, Komi Vonor, Kassoula Batomaguela Nonon Saa, Jean Rateau, Komi Patrice Balo
We present the case of a 65-year-old woman with an aphakia after a cataract surgery at the right eye and a pseudophakia (anterior chamber lens) at the left eye. The two eyes received an intra-ocular lens with sclera fixing of posterior chamber combined with an anterior vitrectomy. An elevated intraocular pressure of 25 mmHg and severe ocular pains were observed immediately after the surgery on the right eye. The far visual acuity (FVA) increased from counting fingers at 5 m (before the surgery) ...

Dec 08, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Reducing Diabetic Blindness in Far-Flung Sub-Saharan Rural Communities: Odot, Nsit-Atai as a Case Study

Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin, Margaret Mboho
Background: Odot is the head-quarter of Nsit-Atai local government, 70 kilometers from Uyo, the Akwa-Ibom state capital. About 5000 population has a Comprehensive Health Center, a Primary Health Centre and 2 Health Posts to meet its enormous health needs. Additionally, the workers in these health facilities are neither trained nor equipped to render eye care services. Patients with systemic diseases with potentially debilitating effects on vision come to the urban tertiary referral health center...

Oct 30, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Early Ophthalmological Manifestations of Crouzon Syndrome: About a Case

Nidain Maneh, Meba Banla, Nadiedjoa Kokou Douti, Komi Yayehd, Sophie Arsene, Ko-kou Vonor, Kassoula Batomaguela Nonon Saa, Koffi Didier Ayena, Komi Patrice Balo
We report the case of a major neonatal form of Crouzon syndrome of ophthalmic finding in a new- born of 21 days of age with no background of consanguinity. The clinical manifestations were marked by signs of Crouzon syndrome associated with dyspnea. The skull radiograph showed a decline of maxillary and closing sutures. The brain scan was marked by a bilateral fronto-parietal hypotrophy with agnenesis of the left temporal. She had received a lateral tarsorrhaphy in prevention to keratopathy of e...