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May 18, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Relevant Factors for Sarcopenia in Hyperthyroidism Patients

Zhenchao Liu, Feifei Xia, Xinbo Zhao, Donghao Zhou
In recent years, sarcopenia began to receive attention. Not only the elderly, hyperthyroidism patients also suffer from sarcopenia. The purpose of this study is to explore the relevant factors for sarcopenia in hyperthyroidism patients. [Methods]: Dual energy X-ray was used to detect the muscle mass in 101 hyperthyroidism patients (23 males and 78 females, mean age 45.77 ± 15.02 years), and calculate SMI. Pearson correlation analy

Mar 26, 2018Open    AccessArticle

The Peripheral Hypotheses of Hypothalamic Aging

Zi-Jian Cai
It is well known that the hypothalamic changes in control of hormones determine the chronological sequence of aging in mammals. For decades, it has been demonstrated in humans that the hypothalamic nuclei manifest heterogeneity in degeneration during aging, with the neuron number decreasing in both the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the preoptic sexually dimorphic nucleus (SDN-POA) in the process of senescence, while the neuron

Feb 11, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Mercury versus Oscillometric Device in Measuring Blood Pressure in Elderly: Which Is Authentic?

Vathulan Sujanitha, Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Mahesan Guruparan, Thavakularatnam Inthuja
Aim: To compare the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in both arms in elderly patients by mercury sphygmomanometer and oscillometric recorders adopting standard practice of measuring blood pressure. Materials and methods: It is a cross sectional study done in 204 elderly patients aged more than 60 years over a period of two months at teaching hospital, Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Blood pressure was

Apr 05, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Functional Capacity Index in Elderly: Construction through the Item Response Theory

André Luiz Barbosa de Lima, Albert Espelt, Carme Viladich, Montse Bartroli, Kenio Costa-Lima
Background: The aim of the present study was to apply item response theory to measure the functional capacity index as an important measure of the component of positive aspects of functionality among elderly people, contributing to the expansion of the use of this tool by creating shorter and more precise scales for analysis of health situations. Methods: Cross-sectional study was performed, and sample consisted of 41,269 elderlie

Dec 14, 2016Open    AccessArticle

Screening for Hypertension in People Aged 50 Years and Older in Byumba Sector: A Community-Based Approach

Marie Louise Umwangange
Background: Hypertension is taken as a global public health crisis and it is named as a “silent killer” since it is mostly asymptomatic with many life threatening complications such as stroke, coronary artery disease, heart attack… Hypertension as the cause of morbidity and mortality in older adults, it is one of the conditions that could be mostly prevented and treated. In developing countries, most people with raised blood press

Feb 15, 2015Open    AccessArticle

Socioeconomic Factors and the Elderly Mortality Profile in a Poor Brazilian State: An Ecological Study Comparing Two Distinct Age Groups

Tamires Carneiro de Oliveira, Wilton Rodrigues Medeiros, Yan Nogueira Leite de Freitas, Kenio Costa de Lima
The rate of the aging process of the Brazilian population and the accentuated social inequality and fragile institutions determine differentials in the mortality of the population, with many challenges for the health system. The aim of the present study was to analyze the mortality profile of individuals aged 60 to 69 years (young-old) and those aged 80 years or more (oldest-old) in a poor Brazilian state, as well as to investigate the associated socioeconomic factors. The Specific Mortality Rat...

Jul 28, 2014Open    AccessArticle

Activity Limitation in the Elderly People and Inequalities in Brazil

André Luiz Barbosa de Lima, Kenio Costa de Lima
Functional status decline in elderly individuals can compromise home life and lead to social isolation. Therefore, we aimed to determine the influence of income inequality on the limitation of activities among elderly people in Brazil. The present study included 18,484 individuals aged 60 years old or more from data of the Health Supplement of the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD), conducted in 2008. Random effects ordinal regression was proposed for multilevel analysis of the Global Activ...