from his exile in mexico in the mid seventies of last century, enrique dussel is given the task of "reading seriously and directly" the theoretical work of karl marx produced between 1857 and 1882. after ten semesters of hard work, the result is a novel interpretation of the four drafts of the capital. indeed, in the eyes of dussel, the masterpiece of karl marx is revealed not only as an economic treatise but rather as an anthropology and ethics. marx "capitalist economy critically deconstructs and reconstructs anthropological and ethically". moreover, dussel finds that the theoretical yield of marx was inconclusive and, above all, open to future developments. for the philosopher is needed in our time, not only reinterpret the whole work of marx but also to continue his theoretical work, especially from latin america, for the study of latin american peripheral capitalism. our interest is to indicate those elements which constitute the novelty in dusseliana interpretation of marx's theoretical work.