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Invas?o biológica de Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Moraceae) em um fragmento de Mata Atlantica no Nordeste do Brasil: impactos sobre a fitodiversidade e os solos dos sítios invadidos

DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062012000200015

Keywords: bioinvasion, jackfruit, rain forest.

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Abstract:

the objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts caused by a. heterophyllus on the richness and diversity of vegetation, and the soils, in a fragment of open rainforest, in areia, pb. the study area is located in the campus ii of universidade federal da paraíba. in this fragment, 10 pairs of plots of 100 m2 were established. half of these sampling units (ai - environment invaded) were laid out so there was an adult a. heterophyllus in the center. alongside each of these plots, one sample unit (an - natural environment) was allocated. we evaluated the number of species, the abundance of individuals, diversity and evenness, and the chemistry of the soils. we sampled 14,008 individuals belonging to 79 species, of which there were 12,369 individuals and 50 species in the ai and 1,639 individuals and 75 species in the an. the diversity and evenness of ai were 0.24 and 0.06, respectively, and for an they were 3.42 and 0.79. all variables were significantly different showing that a. heterophyllus modify the environments where it grows. the concentrations of some elements in the soil changed while others did not. it was found that a. heterophylus forcefully alters species richness, diversity of vegetation and soils of invaded sites, which suggests that actions to control this species are necessary.

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