All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Relative Articles

Health  2024 

The Role of Music Therapy in Supporting Intellectually Disabled Youth in Senegal

DOI: 10.4236/health.2024.165035, PP. 521-534

Keywords: Music Therapy, Young, Intellectual Disabilities, Senegal

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Introduction: Music therapy is a practice for helping and supporting people with intellectual and relational difficulties. This study illustrated the benefits of music therapy for young people living with intellectual disabilities (YLID) in an African context. Methodology: This study investigated six young individuals with intellectual disabilities who had undergone three years of music therapy. They were participants in the inclusive non-academic training program at the National School of Arts in Dakar from 2017 to 2019. Data collection utilized individual interviews with the youths, evaluation grids from teachers and psychiatrists. Guardians provided informed consent along with the assent of the young participants. Results: The six young were aged between 18 and 30 years old, with an average age of 24.6 years. Four of the YLID were male. Three young people with intellectual disabilities had delayed psychomotor development. Observations revealed the beneficial influence of music therapy on the health and well-being of young individuals. Music played a role in alleviating stress and anxiety among youth with intellectual disabilities (YLID), enhancing their mood and mental health. It assisted in navigating challenging situations and heightened alertness among YLID. Additionally, music therapy contributed to improvements in dyslexia, fine and gross motor skills, and memory development among intellectually disabled youth, ultimately facilitating their integration into society. Conclusion: In light of our results, music therapy makes a major contribution to the empowerment of YLID. Engaging in musical activities helps young people connect with others through instrumental expression and a sense of accomplishment. By facilitating music therapy, it becomes possible to combat discrimination and stigmatization, thus promoting the social inclusion of intellectually disabled youth. Therefore, it is important to promote music therapy in Senegal to meet the needs of YLID.


[1]  Metzl, E., Morrell, M. and Field, A.A. (2016) A Pilot Outcome Study of Art Therapy and Music Therapy with Hospitalized Children. Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal, 29, 3-11.
[2]  Medoucine. Art Therapy: Understanding Its Principles and Benefits.
[3]  Rhondali, W., Chirac, A. and Filbet, M. (2013) Art Therapy in Palliative Care: A Qualitative Study. Médecine Palliative: Soins de SupportAccompagnementÉthique, 12, 279-285.
[4]  Klein, J.P. (2007) L’art-thérapie. Cahiers de Gestalt-thérapie, No. 20, 55-62.
[5]  Bal, J. and Kaur, R. (2018) Cultural Humility in Art Therapy and Child and Youth Care: Reflections on Practice by Sikh Women. Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal, 31, 6-13.
[6]  Labriet-Barthélémy, R. (2016) Music Therapy: An Allied to Therapeutic Education of Patients with Chronic Disease. Médecine des Maladies Métaboliques, 10, 53-59.
[7]  Century, H. (2010) La Musicothérapie. Le Coq-héron, No. 202, 94-114.
[8]  Pegliasco, C. (2015) Music Therapy: A Complementary Therapy and Innovative Pain Management Technique. Hegel, No. 4, 264-267.
[9]  Cocchio, C. (2012) Musical Abilities in Alzheimer’s Disease.
[10]  Habib, M. and Besson, M. (2008) Language, Music and Brain Plasticity: Perspectives for Rehabilitation. Revue de Neuropsychologie, 18, 103-126.
[11]  Moussard, A., Rochette, F. and Bigand, E. (2012) Music as a Tool for Cognitive Stimulation. LAnnée Psychologique, 112, 499-542.
[12]  Groussard, M. (2010) The Neural Bases of Musical Semantic Memory: Specificity and Effect of Expertise.
[13]  Gaser, C. and Schlaug, G. (2003) Brain Structures Differ between Musicians and Non-Musicians. The Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 9240-9245.
[14]  Schlaug, G., Norton, A., Overy, K. and Winner, E. (2005) Effects of Music Training on the Child’s Brain and Cognitive Development. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1060, 219-230.
[15]  Rivière, P. (2016) Intellectual Disabilities.
[16]  Inserm (2017) Intellectual Disabilities.
[17]  Cauchie, F. (2022) Intellectual Disability: What Are the Telltale Symptoms?
[18]  Pagès, V. (2017) Disabilities and Psychopathologies: Intellectual Disabilities.
[19]  RSVA (2019) Intellectual Disabilities.
[20]  Nicolas, C. (2007) Intellectual Retardation.
[21]  Sébastien, M. and Christiane, F. (2022) Intellectual Disability.
[22]  Courtin, T. (2019) Etiological Diagnosis of Intellectual Disability: Results of Trio Exome Sequencing in a Cohort of 818 Patients.
[23]  May, P.A. and Gossage, J.P. (2001) Estimating the Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Alcohol Research & Health, 25, 159-167.
[24]  Musante, L. and Ropers, H.H. (2014) Genetics of Recessive Cognitive Disorders. Trends in Genetics, 30, 32-39.
[25]  Majnemer, A. and Shevell, M.I. (1995) Diagnostic Yield of the Neurologic Assessment of the Developmentally Delayed Child. The Journal of Pediatrics, 127, 193-199.
[26]  Seidman, L.J., Buka, S.L., Goldstein, J.M., Horton, N.J., Rieder, R.O. and Tsuang, M.T. (2000) The Relationship of Prenatal and Perinatal Complications to Cognitive Functioning at Age 7 in the New England Cohorts of the National Collaborative Perinatal Project. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 26, 309-321.
[27]  Harris, J.C. (2006) Intellectual Disability: Understanding Its Development, Causes, Classification, Evaluation, and Treatment. Oxford Academic, New York, 429 p.
[28]  Maulik, P.K., Mascarenhas, M.N., Mathers, C.D., Dua, T. and Saxena, S. (2011) Prevalence of Intellectual Disability: A Meta-Analysis of Population-Based Studies. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 419-436.
[29]  Vives, J.M. and Cabassut, J. (2005) About the Psychomusical Management of a Psychotic Patient. Theoretical and Clinical Issues, 11, 211-222.
[30]  Mansaly, I. (2017) Intellectual Disability in Senegal. 11-54.
[31]  Foundation for Medical Research. Everything You Need to Know about Intellectual Disabilities.
[32]  Wathi (2017) Situation Géographique de Dakar, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.
[33]  Ndiaye, D. (2023) Bienvenue à l’écolenationale des beaux-arts de Dakar. Sadunya. Senegal.
[34]  ENA. Presentation of L’école nationale des arts.
[35]  CollegeSidekick. Music Appreciation.
[36]  Institut-numerique (2012) Defining the Survey Population.
[37]  Bulle, F. (2016) Intellectual Disabilities.
[38]  Delphine, H. and Vincent, D.P. (2017) Intellectual Disabilities Collective Expertise and New Cooperative Ventures.
[39]  Malraux, A. (2012) L’art, c’est le plus court chemin de l’homme à l’homme.
[40]  Saint-Pierre, B. (2009) Music Therapy and Adapted Music Education—“We Use Music to Achieve a Therapeutic Goal”.
[41]  Gepner, B. and Scotto di Rinaldi, S. (2018) Music as a Therapeutic Tool for Autistic People. Enfances & Psy, No. 80, 49-62.
[42]  Thibault, J. (2019) Music: Its Benefits, Its Importance and Why We Love It So Much?
[43]  Delphine, P. (2009) When Talent and Creativity Overcome Disability! 86.
[44]  Potvin, L., Plourde, N., Cardinal, L. and Cobigo, V. (2018) Employment Integration of People with Intellectual Disabilities in Minority Language Situations: Current Situation and Promising Practices. Reflets, 24, 42-67.
[45]  Martin, I. (2006) Enhancing the Professional Identity of Disabled Workers through a New Orientation for the Esat Project. 97.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413