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法学视阈下中药知识产权保护的问题审视与路径优化
Review of Issues and Path Optimization of Intellectual Property Protection of Traditional Chinese Medicine from a Legal Perspective

DOI: 10.12677/isl.2024.82011, PP. 80-89

Keywords: 知识产权,专利保护,法治化
Intellectual Property Rights
, Patent Protection, Legalization

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Abstract:

推动中药的传承与发展,需要知识产权助力。知识产权在中药的发展过程中起着核心作用,通过实证考察发现,为加强中药知识产权保护,近年来,我国出台了一系列政策文件。中药知识产权保护呈现出一片繁荣景象。但繁荣之下有隐忧。然而,由于我国中药知识产权保护发展较晚,在发展中存在着中药知识产权流失频现、知识产权的天然复杂性、专利保护制度缺陷使中药欠缺专利性、中药传承人保护意识不足等问题。推动我国中药知识产权发展迈上新台阶,需要发掘中药古籍,加强知识产权保护、明晰中药知识产权的保护边界、加强国际交流合作,学习相关制度设计以及切实提升中药传承人保护意识。
Promoting the inheritance and development of traditional Chinese medicine requires the assistance of intellectual property rights. Intellectual property plays a core role in the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Through empirical research, it has been found that in recent years, China has issued a series of policy documents to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights in traditional Chinese medicine. The protection of intellectual property rights in traditional Chinese medicine is showing a prosperous scene. But under prosperity, there are hidden worries. However, due to the relatively late development of intellectual property protection in traditional Chinese medicine in China, there are problems such as frequent loss of intellectual property rights in traditional Chinese medicine, natural complexity of intellectual property rights, defects in patent protection systems that lead to a lack of patentability in traditional Chinese medicine, and insufficient awareness of protection among traditional Chinese medicine inheritors. To promote the development of intellectual property rights in traditional Chinese medicine in China to a new level, it is necessary to explore ancient Chinese medicine books, strengthen intellectual property protection, clarify the boundaries of intellectual property protection in traditional Chinese medicine, strengthen international exchange and cooperation, learn relevant institutional designs, and effectively enhance the awareness of traditional Chinese medicine inheritors in terms of protection.

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