All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Relative Articles

More...

基于生态教育视角的台州城市景观建设案例评价
Case Evaluation of Taizhou Urban Landscape Construction Based on Ecological Education Perspective

DOI: 10.12677/ije.2024.132021, PP. 160-171

Keywords: 风景园林,城市景观,生态视角,生态教育,案例评价,设计思路
Landscape Architecture
, Urban Landscape, Ecological Perspective, Ecological Education, Case Evaluation, Design Idea

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

目的:试图通过评价偏离生态轨道的城市景观建设案例,作为生态教育负面范本,对全民进行生态理念教育,纠正地方政府普遍存在的景观设计误区,指明城市景观生态建设方向。方法:比较研究、文献调查、归纳总结法和逻辑推理法,比较景观与古典园林理念,对景观、景观设计、生态景观概念进行通俗理解和阐述,例举景观设计误区。结果:1) 对某高校使用稻田取代公共绿地,作为校园特色景观对师生进行生态教育进行分析推介,是对高校扩建耕地产生负面影响的必要补充,提出学校不需建造专门的校内公园,提倡用耕地替代校园生态象征的公共绿地,可节省和增加我国大量宝贵的耕地资源。2) 针对社会上经常出现的各种各样非生态现象,从基于生态基础设施的城市空间发展格局视角分析、评判当前偏离生态的各种现实景观建设案例,提出节约土地资源和财政资金的生态景观设计思路,将城市景观做成有生命、会呼吸的生态基础设施。3) 城市尤其中小城市绿色的乡村化、生态化是未来发展方向,但乡村应保持地域特色,杜绝城市化。结论:用“两山”理论指导生态建设和生态教育,树立正确的生态景观设计思路,生态理念普及教育应景观生态化,倡导以生态理念指导景观建设,有利于全社会树立正确的生态理念和生态观,自觉应用生态理念建设城市。
Objective: By evaluating urban landscape construction cases that deviate from the ecological track and taking them as negative models of ecological education, this paper tries to educate the whole people on ecological concepts, correct the common misunderstanding of landscape design in local governments, and point out the direction of urban landscape ecological construction. Methods: Comparative research, literature investigation, induction and summary method and logical reasoning method were used to compare the concept of landscape and classical garden, to make popular understanding and elaboration of the concept of landscape, landscape design and ecological landscape, and to illustrate the misunderstanding of landscape design. Results: 1) The analysis and promotion of a university’s use of rice fields instead of public green space as a characteristic landscape on campus to conduct ecological education for teachers and students is a necessary supplement to the negative impact on the expansion of cultivated land in colleges and universities. It is proposed that schools do not need to build special campus parks and advocate the use of cultivated land instead of the public green space symbolized by campus ecology, which can save and increase a large number of valuable cultivated land resources in China. 2) In view of various non-ecological phenomena frequently appearing in society, analyze and evaluate various realistic landscape construction cases that deviate from ecology from the perspective of urban spatial development pattern based on ecological infrastructure, propose ecological landscape design ideas that save land resources and financial funds, and turn urban landscape into living and breathing ecological infrastructure. 3) The green rural and ecological development of cities, especially small and medium-sized cities, is the future development direction, but rural areas should maintain regional characteristics and eliminate urbanization. Conclusion: Using “two mountains” theory to guide ecological construction and ecological

References

[1]  生态环保部. 生态环境部党组书记孙金龙在《人民日报》发表署名文章《中华民族永续发展的千年大计》 [EB/OL].
https://www.mee.gov.cn/xxgk2018/xxgk/xxgk15/202006/t20200630_786462.html, 2020-06-30.
[2]  赵秀芳, 苏宝梅. 大学生生态教育现状调查研究[J]. 中国高教研究, 2011(4): 66-68.
[3]  王愉, 周鸿. 大学生生态教育现状调查研究[J]. 云南环境科学, 2002, 21(2): 61-64.
[4]  搜狐. 力争2030年前二氧化碳排放达到峰值, 2060年前实现碳中和减碳, 中国设定硬指标[EB/OL].
https://www.sohu.com/a/421863022_229926, 2020-09-30.
[5]  沈丽芳, 屠菊红. 生态教育评价: 学生发展的阳光雨露[J]. 新教育, 2015(13): 65-66.
[6]  无作者. 多元评价促发展, 五育并举铸品牌——东莞市茶山镇第三小学“四级五育”生态教育评价改革成果展示[J]. 广东教育(综合版), 2022(9): 48-49.
[7]  骆天庆. 风景园林本科专业设计课程中生态教育的教学实践、改革与评价[C]//中国风景园林学会. 中国风景园林学会2009年会论文集: 2019年卷. 北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2009: 131-138.
[8]  穆桂松, 刘双月. 河南省生态环境教育评价体系的初步构想[J]. 河南教育学院学报(自然科学版), 1997(3): 63-66.
[9]  俞孔坚, 韩毅, 韩晓晔. 将稻香溶入书声——沈阳建筑大学校园环境设计[J]. 中国园林, 2005, 21(5): 12-16.
[10]  梅芸. 基于马斯洛需求层次理论的校园景观分析——以沈阳建筑大学稻田校园景观为例[J]. 科技创业月刊, 2010, 23(5): 120-122.
[11]  孙丹丹. 农耕文化在现代景观设计中的应用手法初探[J]. 艺术科技, 2019, 32(11): 200.
[12]  王辉, 李俊卿, 王鹏飞. 传统农耕文化在景观中的表达[J]. 河北工程大学学报(自然科学版), 2014, 31(3): 40-43.
[13]  任耀飞, 陈登文, 郭风平. 中国农耕文化与园林艺术风格初探[J]. 西北林学院学报, 2007, 22(3): 207-209.
[14]  新华网-自然资源部. 我国耕地保护依然面临多种压力[EB/OL].
http://www.xinhuanet.com/energy/2020-02/14/c_1125572272.htm, 2020-02-14.
[15]  朱建宁, 杨云峰. 中国古典园林的现代意义[J]. 中国园林, 2005, 21(11): 1-7.
[16]  刘茵. 走近“土人”——访北京大学景观设计学研究院院长俞孔坚[EB/OL].
https://www.turenscape.com/news/detail/205.html, 2003-06-10.
[17]  佚名. 景观设计的要素和方法研究[EB/OL].
https://www.sj33.cn/architecture/jgsj/200605/8466.html, 2006-05-02.
[18]  搜狐网. 组图: 山西运城建成世界最大关公塑像高达61米[EB/OL].
https://www.sohu.com/a/285424926_120078003, 2010-09-03.
[19]  视觉中国. 举债400亿建造的“天下第一水司楼” [EB/OL].
https://news.ifeng.com/c/7rpkmSbRKBE#p=1, 2019-11-23.
[20]  椒江区人民政府. 台州市椒江区2022年政府工作报告[EB/OL].
http://www.jj.gov.cn/art/2022/3/10/art_1229463167_3781396.html, 2024-04-01.
[21]  上海同济大学建筑设计研究院有限公司. 椒江堤塘(防洪排涝)提升工程[R]. 2021.
[22]  台州房地产. 椒江南岸滨江公共空间项目昨开工, 先行段7月1日前建成一个以人为本的城市“会客厅”[EB/OL].
https://tz.loupan.com/html/news/202102/4600687.html, 2021-02-25.
[23]  椒江发布. 滨江公共空间, 获亚洲大奖[EB/OL].
https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1766374024635396607&wfr=spider&for=pc, 2023-05-20.
[24]  台州发布. 五大攻坚: 白云山云中绿道二期工程紧张施工中[EB/OL].
https://www.163.com/dy/article/H6U0FKET0514FDFN.html, 2022-05-09.
[25]  王晔. 中央城镇化工作会议在北京举行[EB/OL].
https://news.12371.cn/2013/12/15/ARTI1387057117696375.shtml, 2013-12-15.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413