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夜间灯光指数对鸟类活动的影响
Effects of Nocturnal Light Index on Bird Activity

DOI: 10.12677/ije.2024.132014, PP. 105-112

Keywords: 灯光指数,家域,鸟类行为
Light Index
, Home Range, Bird Behavior

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Abstract:

为研究人类活动对鸟类的行为影响,采用卫星跟踪技术获取雕鸮活动数据,结合核密度分析方法、遥感解译技术对研究区内的雕鸮活动情况以及连续18个月的夜间灯光数据进行了深入分析。研究结果表明,雕鸮的活动范围与夜间灯光指数呈现出明显的负相关关系,即人类活动强度对鸟类影响显著,当人类活动强度增大时,雕鸮的家域面积减小,当人类活动强度降低时,雕鸮的家域面积增大。
In order to study the influence of human activities on bird behavior, the activity data of eagle-owl were obtained by satellite tracking technology, combined with nuclear density analysis method and remote sensing interpretation technology, and the activity of eagle-owl and the night light data for 18 months in the study area were analyzed. The results showed that there was a significant negative correlation between the activity range of the eagle owl and the night light index, that is, the intensity of human activities had a significant impact on birds. When the intensity of human activities increased, the home area of the eagle owl decreased, and when the intensity of human activities decreased, the home area of the eagle owl increased.

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