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Health  2024 

Emphysematous Cystitis: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

DOI: 10.4236/health.2024.164023, PP. 309-318

Keywords: Emphysematous Cystitis, Computed Tomography, Lower Urinary Tract Infection, Diabetes Mellitus

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Abstract:

Emphysematous cystitis is a rare complication of lower urinary tract infection whose prognosis is conditioned by the delay in treatment. The predisposition of diabetic patients to urinary infections caused by gas-producing bacteria is considered one of the most common factors in the occurrence of emphysematous cystitis. The currently recommended diagnostic test is CT scanning, which has definite value in assessing gas accumulation in the bladder wall and lumen. The authors report the observations of two patients aged 68 and 80 who were treated for emphysematous cystitis complicating diabetes mellitus. The evolution was favorable under treatment with antibiotic therapy, insulin therapy and bladder drainage.

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