All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Relative Articles

More...

哈尔滨人工渠中微塑料赋存特征
Occurrence Characteristics of Microplastics in Artificial Canals in Harbin

DOI: 10.12677/IJE.2024.131010, PP. 69-75

Keywords: 微塑料,人工渠,赋存特征
Microplastics
, Artificial Canal, Occurrence Characteristics

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

本研究采集哈尔滨市水利工程发生渠的水体样品,通过预处理、定量及定性处理,探究出发生渠中微塑料的赋存特征。结果显示,发生渠微塑料整体丰度较高,水体中为4165~13883个/m3。微塑料颜色以无色和白色为主,彩色占比很小。水样中纤维状微塑料占比最大,颗粒状微塑料占比最小。通过红外鉴定,发现水样中PE占比较大。研究结论可为防控城市内河水环境中的微塑料污染提供科学依据。
In this study, water samples from the canal of the Harbin Water Conservancy project were collected, and the occurrence characteristics of microplastics in the canal were explored through pre-treatment, quantitative and qualitative treatment. The results showed that the overall abun-dance of microplastics in the channel was high, ranging from 4165 to 13883 body/m3. The color of microplastics is mainly colorless and white, and the color proportion is very small. The proportion of fibrous microplastics was the largest and the proportion of granular microplastics was the smallest. By infrared identification, it was found that PE accounted for a large proportion of water samples. The research results can provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of microplastic pollution in urban river water environments.

References

[1]  Arthur, C., Baker, J. and Bamford, H. (2009) Proceedings of the International Research Workshop on the Occurrence, Effects and Fate of Microplastic Marine Debris. NOAA Technical Memorandum.
https://marinedebris.noaa.gov/proceedings-international-research-workshop-microplastic-marine-debris
[2]  Andrady, A.L. (2011) Microplastics in the Marine Environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62, 1596-1605.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.030
[3]  Brennecke, D., Duarte, B., Paiva, F., et al. (2016) Microplastics as Vector for Heavy Metal Contamination from the Marine Environment. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 178, 189-195.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.12.003
[4]  Eriksen, M., Mason, S., Wilson, S., et al. (2013) Microplastic Pollution in the Surface Waters of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 277, 177-182.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.007
[5]  Berit, G., Martin, O., Andreas, B., et al. (2017) Abundance and Composition of Near Surface Microplastics and Plastic Debris in the Stockholm Archipelago, Baltic Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 120, 292-302.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.04.062
[6]  Katharine, H., Rowleya, C., Anna, C., et al. (2020) London’s River of Plastic: High Levels of Microplastics in the Thames Water Column. Science of the Total Environment, 740, Article 140018.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140018
[7]  Browne, M.A., Galloway, T. and Thompson, R. (2007) Microplastics—An Emerging Contaminant of Potential Concern? Integrated Environmental Assessment and Manage-ment, 3, 559-566.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.5630030412
[8]  牛司平, 王璇, 丁世磊, 等. 一种微塑料浮选装置[P]. 中国专利: CN 210617030 U. 2020-05-26.
[9]  Tagg, A.S., Harrison, J.P., Ju-Nam, Y.K., et al. (2017) Fen-ton’s Reagent for the Rapid and Efficient Isolation of Microplastics from Waste Water. Chemical Communication, 53, 372-375.
https://doi.org/10.1039/C6CC08798A
[10]  Wang, W., Ndungu, A.W., Li, Z., et al, (2017) Microplastics Pollution in Inland Freshwaters of China; A Case Study in Urban Surface Waters of Wuhan, China. Science of the Total Environment, 575, 1369-1374.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.213
[11]  Wang, Z.P. and Chen, L. (2019) Research Progress of Plastic Microparticles in Terrestrial Water System. Appliedchemical Industry, 48, 677-680.
[12]  Bollmana, U.E., Simon, M., Vollertsen, J., et al. (2019) Assessment of Input of Organic Micropollutants and Mcroplastics into the Baltic Sea by Urban Waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 148, 149-155.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.07.014
[13]  宣立强, 刘硕, 罗爻, 等. 哈尔滨城市污水处理厂不同处理工艺对微塑料的去除[J]. 环境科学学报, 2020, 40(11): 3964-3970.
[14]  汪新亮, 李珊珊, 王宁, 等. 南淝河中微塑料的分布特征及来源[J]. 水土保持通报, 2020, 40(5): 201-208.
[15]  Rita, T., Thomas, B., Tamara, G., et al. (2019) Relevance of Nano- and Microplastics for Freshwater Ecosystems: A Critical Review. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 110, 375-392.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2018.11.023
[16]  叶秋霞. 南京城市典型水体中微塑料污染特征分析[J]. 能源环境保护, 2020, 34(5): 79-83.
[17]  Narainrit, C., Penjai, S., Chawalit, C., et al. (2021) Abundance, Composition, and Fate of Microplastics in Water, Sediment and Shellfish in the Tapi-Phumduang River System and Bandon Bay, Thailand. Science of the Total Environment, 781, Article 146700.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146700

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413