All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Relative Articles


Global Governance, State Capacity and the Development Crisis in Africa

DOI: 10.4236/sm.2024.141004, PP. 54-68

Keywords: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Sustainable Adjustment Programmes (SAPs), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Global Governance, Liberal Democracy, League of Nations, United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Multinational Corporation, Transnational, Institution, International Organization, Pandemic, Extremism, Development

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


This article explores the nexus between global governance and state capacity in view of the implications for development crisis in Africa. Adopting a global governance analytical framework, the article contends with the norms and rules guiding contemporary world order. Primarily designed by Western powers and their allied multilateral institutions, African states often play peripheral roles in the process of global governance. It is argued that various international developmental models and strategies including Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs), Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) introduced by Western powers and their multilateral agencies cannot yield the desired goals at the expense of good governance and productive political order in various African countries. The post-colonial experiences of many African states have demonstrated that successive leaderships in most parts of the continent have always undermined the tenets of good governance within the spectrum of liberal democracy. Thus, various elements of bad governance including corruption, abuse of the rule of law and contempt of democratic values on the one hand, and external manipulation by the hegemonic tendencies of the Western hemisphere on the other have drastically reduced Africans to captives of powerful states. The consistent pressure from global forces has undermined the capacity of the African state to implement an autonomous policy that is consistent with its historical, socio-cultural, economic and political realities. The article concludes that through effective internal governance framework and productive economic


[1]  Adejumo, S. (1994). Structural Adjustment and Its Impact on the Economy. In S. Adejumo, & A. Momoh (Eds.), The Political Economy of Nigeria under Military Rule 1993-1994. Sape Books.
[2]  Aina, O. I., & Olayode, K. O. (2015). Women Political Systems and Party Politics in Nigeria’. In A. Momoh (Ed.), Democracy and Socio-Economic Issues in Nigeria. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
[3]  Akinrinade, S. (1988). The Re-Democratisation Process in Africa. In S. Akinrinade, & A. Sesay, (Edd.), Africa in the Post-Cold War International System. Pinter.
[4]  Aleyomi, M. B. (2013). Africa and the Millennium Development Goals: Constraints and Possibilities. International Journal of Politics and Good Governance, 4, 1-19.
[5]  Awomoyi, M. E., & Nkordeh, N. (2023). Liberal Democracy versus Practical Application in Nigeria: An Overview of the Abstract World of Liberal Democracy and Its Physical Application to Religious and Cultural Values. A Study of Traditional Oro Festival in Southwest, Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 13, 31-37.
[6]  Bartsch, S., & Kohlmogen, L. (2005). The Millennium Development Goals and Global Governance: The Role of Institutions in Poverty Reduction. Nord-Sud Aktuell, No. 3 & 4, 269-272.
[7]  Beckman, B. (1992). The Liberation of Civil Society: Neo-Liberal Ideology and Political Theory. Review of African Political Economy, 58, 23-42.
[8]  Bendana, J. (2004). Good Governance and the MDGs: Contradictory or Complimentary. In The Institute for Global Network, Information and Studies (IGNIS) Conference.
[9]  Cassese, S. (2005). Administrative Law without the State? The Challenge of Global Regulation. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 37, 617-637.
[10]  Dowding, K. (2000). Institutionalist Research on the European Union: A Critical Review. European Union Politics, 1, 125-144.
[11]  Felice, W. F. (1996). Taking Suffering Seriously: The Importance of Collective Human Rights. State University of New York.
[12]  Finkelstein, S. (1991). What Is International Governance? In The Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association.
[13]  Halabi, Y. (2004). The Expansion of Global Governance into the Third World: Altruism, Realism, or Constructivism? International Studies Review, 6, 21-48.
[14]  Hall, P., & Taylor, R. (1996). Political Science and the Three New Institutionalism. Political Studies, 44, 952-973.
[15]  Harden, B. (2014). The Diplomatic Ambitions of the BRICS States: Challenging the Hegemony of the West. Journal of International Relations and Foreign Policy, 2, 52-76.
[16]  Higgott, R. (2005). The Theory and Practice of Global and Regional Governance: Accommodating American Exceptionalism and European Pluralism (pp. 1-25). University of Warwick Garnet Working Paper.
[17]  Keohane, R. (2002). Power and Governance in Partially Globalised World. Routledge.
[18]  Keohane, R., & Nye, J. S. (1977). Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Little Brown & Co.
[19]  Lancet and London International Development Centre Commission (2010). The Millennium Development Goals: A Cross-Sectoral Analysis and Principles for Goal Setting after 2015.
[20]  Landsberg, C. (2003). NEPAD: What Is It? What Is Missing (pp. 1-7)? The National Labour Economic and Development Institute.
[21]  Mitrany, D. (1948). The Functional Approach to World Organisation. International Affairs, 24, 359-387.
[22]  Nkordeh, N., Ejiro, M., Okeoghene, M., Awomoyi, M. E., & Bobmanuel, I. (2023). Renewable and Green Energy, Africa’s Pathway to Sustainable Development; Harnessing the Continent’s Natural Energy Sources. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 14, 131-151.
[23]  Nkordeh, N., Popoola, S., Jefia, A., Okeoghene, M., Atayero, A. A., Awomoyi, M. E., & Bobmanuel, I. (2023). The Impact of Satellite Communication on Environmental Hazard Control: Tool for the Realization of African Union Agenda 2063 Aspirations. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 16, 191-216.
[24]  North-South Institute (2005). We the Peoples 2005—Special Report (pp. 1-35). The UN Millennium Declaration and Beyond—Mobilizing for Change, Messages from Civil Society.
[25]  Okonye, A. H., Ojo, O. M., & Awomoyi, M. E. (2024). Women Enslavement and Eroded Sociocultural Value System in Nigeria. LASU Journal of History & International Studies, 5, 72-90.
[26]  Olayode, K. O. (2005). Rethinking Development beyond the MDGs: Africa and the Challenges of Governance in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. In The IDS 50th Anniversary.
[27]  Olayode, K. O. (2013). Democratisation and the National Question in Nigeria (1999-2007). Contemporary Journal of African Studies, 1, 16-32.
[28]  Olukoshi, A. (1991). Crisis and Adjustment in Nigerian Economy. Jad Publisher.
[29]  Olukoshi, A. (1993). The Politics of Structural Adjustment in Nigeria. James Curry.
[30]  Olusola, O. (2017). Global Governance and Insurgency-Induced Displacement in Cameroon and Nigeria. Ph.D. Thesis, The Obafemi Awolowo University. (Unpublished)
[31]  Rosenau, J. (1992). Governance, Order and Change in World Politics. In J. Rosenau, & E. Czempiel (Eds.), Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics (pp. 1-29). Cambridge University Press.
[32]  Sesay, A., & Olayode, K. (2007). A Force for Integration or Marginalization? A Perspective from West Africa. In P. Bowles, H. Veltmeyer, S. Cornelissen, N. Invernizzi, & T. Kwon-Leung (Eds.), Regional Perspectives on Globalisation (pp. 102-107). Palgrave Macmillan.
[33]  Synge, R. (1993). Nigeria: The Way Forward. Euromoney Book.
[34]  Watts, I. P. (2017). Is Humanitarian Aid Politicised? E-International Relations.
[35]  Wolf, K. (1999). The New Raison d’Etat as a Problem for Democracy in World Society. European Journal of International Relations, 5, 333-363.
[36]  World Bank (1989). Sub-Saharan Africa: From Crisis to Sustainable Growth: A Long Term Perspective Study. World Bank.
[37]  Wunsch, J., & Olowu, D. (1990). The Failure of the Centralised State. Westview.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413