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Finance  2024 

产业结构扭曲对碳排放的影响
The Impact of Industrial Structure Distortion on Carbon Emissions

DOI: 10.12677/FIN.2024.141010, PP. 69-76

Keywords: 碳达峰,产业结构扭曲,系统GMM模型
Carbon Peak
, Distortion of Industrial Structure, System GMM Model

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Abstract:

中国将碳达峰、碳中和纳入生态文明建设整体布局,产业结构作为经济发展的重要基石,对碳减排发挥关键作用。基于2005~2010年中国省级面板数据,采用系统GMM模型进行检验,考察了产业结构对碳排放的影响及传导机制。研究发现,产业结构扭曲与碳排放呈正相关关系,降低产业结构扭曲度会使得二氧化碳排放量减少,反之提高产业结构扭曲度会使得二氧化碳排放量增加。本文还发现牺牲环境获得的经济快速增长使得二氧化碳排放水平也较高,投资的增加在一定程度上会缓解碳排放压力,对外贸易的扩大开放不会导致二氧化碳排放显著增加。因此,需要促进产业结构合理化、高级化,促进市场完善,降低产业结构扭曲程度。同时以生态协调发展理念为指导,促进经济实现绿色发展。
China has incorporated carbon peaking and carbon neutralization into the overall lay of ecological civilization construction. As an important cornerstone of economic development, industrial structure plays a key role in carbon emission reduction. Based on the provincial panel data of China from 2005 to 2010, the systematic GMM model is used to examine the impact of industrial structure on carbon emission and its transmission mechanism. It is found that there is a positive correlation between industrial structure distortion and carbon emissions. Reducing the degree of industrial structure distortion will reduce carbon dioxide emissions. On the contrary, increasing the degree of industrial structure distortion will increase carbon dioxide emissions. This paper also finds that the rapid economic growth obtained at the expense of the environment leads to a high level of carbon dioxide emission. The increase of investment will alleviate the pressure of carbon emission to a certain extent, and the expansion and opening of foreign trade will not lead to a significant increase in carbon dioxide emission. Therefore, it is necessary to promote the rationalization and upgrading of industrial structure, improve the market and reduce the distortion of industrial structure, at the same time, under the guidance of the concept of ecological coordinated development, promote green economic development.

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