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The Expansion and Judicialization of Western Criminal Behavior—An Interpretation Based on the Chapter 10 of Henry Maine’s Ancient Law

DOI: 10.12677/ISL.2023.74017, PP. 123-128

Keywords: 西方犯罪行为,犯罪行为,不法行为
Western Criminal Behavior
, Criminal Behavior, Wrongful Behavior

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In ancient West, crime only referred to behavior that infringed on national interests. In ancient Western societies, a distinctive form of judicial proceedings resembling legislative activities was employed to address criminal offenses. Quaestio, under the jurisdiction of legislative bodies, serves as a representative example. Acts that infringe upon individual interests are referred to as wrongful conduct, characterized by tortious acts, and are typically resolved through the payment of damages. With the intervention of feudal rulers and religious forces, the judicial power of crime was concen-trated in the monarch. The Criminal Court, as a permanent judicial body, begins to emerge. The scope of Western crime gradually included behavior that infringed on personal interests. Conduct-ing trials in the West thus transitioned from legislative power to judicial power.


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