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The Principle of Retributive Justice and Subjects: Femicide in Türkiye

DOI: 10.4236/sm.2023.134010, PP. 167-192

Keywords: Retributive Justice, Femicide, Just, Emotion

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Abstract:

Recently in Türkiye, tweets with a wide variety of hashtags have been tweeted to create an alternative digital public opinion (Twitter) to produce urgent solutions to the problems of women who are subjected to fatal violence just because they are women. This is because between 2008 and 2023, as in other countries, there is a significant increase and continuity in the rate of femicides in Turkey. Due to the “status of being a citizen” of the modern state, this deadly violence must be stopped. In this context, the aim of this study is to determine the social perception of the principle of retributive justice, which focuses on the criminal act itself, within the framework of its basic components (necessity and proportionality) and its subjects (perpetrator and supporters; punisher/judge; victim and supporters). In addition to this, it aims to discuss why “transitional justice” should be applied as a temporary solution (in the case of lethal gender-based violence) with theoretical and concrete data. For this purpose, qualitative (observation, content analysis of tweets and questionnaire responses) and quantitative (1707 coding drawn from 14,214 tweets and semi-structured questionnaire conducted with 94 people) research techniques were used together without considering a hierarchical order. In the survey, when asked open-ended question about the cause of femicide and what kind of solution is needed to end this type of murder, most of the respondents stated that the principle of harsher retributive justice should be applied.

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