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基于新一代人工智能的习惯法司法适用探究
Exploring the Judicial Application of Customary Law Based on New Generation Artificial Intelligence

DOI: 10.12677/ISL.2023.73011, PP. 68-73

Keywords: 新一代人工智能,习惯法,司法适用,案例推理
New Generation Artificial Intelligence
, Customary Law, Judicial Application, Case Reasoning

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Abstract:

习惯法司法适用是司法实践中的一个重要问题。由于习惯法具有不确定性、地域性和多样性等特点,其司法适用存在难度大、司法效率低下和裁判结果不一致等问题。新一代人工智能技术的出现为解决这一问题提供了全新的思路和方法。本文旨在探讨新一代人工智能如何解决习惯法司法适用中的难题,分析其优势和局限,并展望其未来发展。首先,本文简要介绍了人工智能的发展历程、习惯法的概念和司法适用的原则。其次,分析了当前习惯法司法适用存在的问题,包括信息不对称和法律文本分析难度大等。最后,提出了基于新一代人工智能的解决方案,如基于语义分析的法律文本处理、基于神经网络的案例推理和基于自然语言生成的裁判文书撰写。通过对这些解决方案的探究,认为新一代人工智能技术可以有效提升习惯法司法适用的效率和准确性,但也需遵循法律规定和伦理标准,确保合法合理使用。同时,指出新一代人工智能技术在习惯法司法适用中可能面临的伦理和法律问题。
The judicial application of customary law is a significant issue in legal practice. Due to the charac-teristics of uncertainty, regional variations, and diversity in customary law, its application presents challenges, including difficulties in achieving judicial efficiency and inconsistent court decisions. The emergence of new-generation artificial intelligence (AI) technology provides a novel approach and potential solutions to address this problem. This paper aims to explore how new-generation AI tackles the challenges in the judicial application of customary law, analyze its advantages and limi-tations, and provide a prospective analysis of its future development. To achieve these objectives, this study begins by providing a concise overview of the development of AI, the concept of custom-ary law, and the principles governing its judicial application. It then analyzes the current issues in the judicial application of customary law, such as information asymmetry and the challenges asso-ciated with analyzing legal texts. Finally, the paper proposes AI-based solutions for the judicial ap-plication of customary law, including semantic analysis for legal text processing, case reasoning based on neural networks, and the generation of judicial documents through natural language gen-eration. By investigating these solutions, the paper concludes that new-generation AI technology can effectively enhance the efficiency and accuracy of the judicial application of customary law. However, it emphasizes the need to adhere to legal regulations and ethical standards to ensure lawful and reasonable utilization. Furthermore, ethical and legal considerations associated with the application of new-generation AI technology in the judicial application of customary law are also identified. In conclusion, the emergence of new-generation AI technology offers extensive prospects in the field of judicial application of customary law. Nevertheless, careful consideration of its ad-vantages and limitations is crucial during the implementation process to ensure positive impacts on judicial practice. This study provides valuable insights and references for research and practice in the

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