All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Relative Articles

More...

Association between Support and Satisfaction with Life among Older Adults in Ekiti, Nigeria: Findings and Implications

DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2023.123007, PP. 117-128

Keywords: Support, Satisfaction with Life, Association, Older Adults, Implications

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Many developing countries like Nigeria lack policy for the care of the older adults and this creates major challenges for the elderly population. The traditional family institution and community support that used to be safety nest are being adversely affected by westernization. This development might have adverse effect on life satisfaction among the older adults. This hospital based cross-sectional study was designed to determine the association between support and life satisfaction among older adults. A total of 128 subjects participated in the study out of which 28.9% were satisfied with life. Expectation of support was mainly from the family, less from the community and very low from the government. The level of support received from all sources generally fell short of expectations. Marital status and source of livelihood were significantly associated with life satisfaction. There is inadequate social support from the government and support from family and community fell below expectations. Expectations of support were the most strongly correlated with life satisfaction. Support for older adults must be addressed in order to meet their expectations and improve their level of satisfaction with life.

References

[1]  United Nations Global Issues. Peace, Dignity and Equality on Healthy Planet 2022.
https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/population
[2]  United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)—World Population Dashboard 2022.
https://www.unfpa.org/data/world-population-dashboard
[3]  Mbam, K.C., Halvorsen, C.J. and Okoye, U.O. (2022) Aging in Nigeria: A Growing Population of Older Adults in Nigeria Requires the Implementation of National Aging Policy. The Gerontologist, 62, 1243-1250.
https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnac121
[4]  Ani, J.I. (2021) Care Support for the Elderly in Nigeria: A Review. The Nigerian Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 12, 9-27.
https://doi.org/10.36108/NJSA/4102/12(0110)
[5]  Togonu-Bickersteth, F. and Akinyemi, A. (2014) Ageing and National Development in Nigeria: Costly Assumptions and Challenges for the Future. African Population Studies, 27, 361-371. https://doi.org/10.11564/27-2-481
[6]  Aregbesola, B.S. and Khan, S.M. (2018) Out of Pocket Payment, Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Poverty among Households in Nigeria. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 7, 798-806. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2018.19
[7]  Tanyi, P.L. andre, P. and Mba, P. (2018) Care of the Elderly in Nigeria: Implications for Policy. Cogent Social Sciences, 4, Article ID: 1555201.
https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2018.1555201
[8]  Abanyam, N.L. (2013) The Changing Privileges and Challenges of Older People in Contemporary African Society. Global Journal of Art, Humanities and Social Sciences, 1, 34-43.
[9]  Okoye, U.O. (2012) Family Care-Giving for Ageing Parents in Nigeria: Gender Differences, Cultural Imperatives and the Role of Education. International Journal of Education and Ageing, 2, 139-154.
[10]  Oladeji, D. (2011) Family Care, Social Services, and Living Arrangement Factors Influencing Psychosocial Wellbeing of Elderly from Selected Households in Ibadan, Nigeria. Education Research International, 2011, Article ID: 421898.
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/edri2011/421898
https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/421898
[11]  Abrams, D. and Swift, H.J. (2012) Ageism Doesn’t Work. Public Policy and Ageing Report, 22, 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/ppar/22.3.3
[12]  Ani, J.I. (2014) Care and Support for the Elderly in Nigeria: A Review. The Nigerian Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 12, 9-27.
https://doi.org/10.36108/NJSA/4102/12(0110)
[13]  Wahab, E.O. and Isiugo-Abanihe, U.C. (2008) An Assessment of the Importance of Children in Old Age Security Provision among the Ijebu of South West Nigeria. African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, 11, 46-63.
[14]  Wahab, E.O. and Isiugo-Abanihe, U.C. (2010) Assessing the Impact of Old Age Security Expectation on Elderly Persons’ Achieved Fertility in Nigeria. Indian Journal of Gerontology, 24, 357-378.
[15]  Zeinalhajlou, A., Ahzaded, M., Sahebihagh, M., Mohammadpoorasl, A. and Matlabi, H. (2020) Life Satisfaction and Its Contributors among Non-Institutionalized Older People in Tabriz, Islamic Republic of Iran. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 4, 410-416. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.037
[16]  Jung, M., Muntaner, C. and Choi, M. (2010) Factors Related to Perceived Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in South Korea. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 43, 292-300. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.4.292
[17]  Boonphaolung, S. (2013) Factors Effecting Life Satisfaction of the Elderly in Bangkoko. Journal of Communication and Computer, 10, 894-903.
[18]  Linder-Pelz, S. (1982) Towards a Theory of Patient Satisfaction. Social Science & Medicine, 16, 577-582. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(82)90311-2
[19]  Fitzpatrick, R. and Hopkins, A. (1983) Problems in the Conceptual Framework of Patient Satisfaction Research: An Empirical Explanation. Social Health Ill, 5, 297-311. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.ep10491836
[20]  Bowling, G., Rowe, G., Lambert, N., Waddington, M., Mahtani, K.R., Kenten, C., et al. (2012) The Measurement of Patients’ Expectation for Health Care: A Review and Psychometric Testing of a Measure of Patients’ Expectations. Health Technology Assessment, 16, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta16300
[21]  Janzen, J.A., Silvus, J., Jacob, S., Slaughter, S., Dalziel, W. and Drummond, N. (2006) What Is Health Expectation? Development of a Pragmatic Model from Psychological Theory. Health Expectations, 9, 37-48.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1369-7625.2006.00363.x
[22]  Olson, J.M., Roese, N.J. and Zanna, M.P. (1996) Expectation. In: Higgins, E.T. and Kruglanski, A.W., Eds., Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles, Guilford Press, New York, 169-183.
[23]  Swan, E.L. and Trawick, F. (1980) Satisfaction Related to Predictive vs. Desired Expectations. In: Hunt, H.K. and Day, R.L., Eds., Refining Concepts and Measures of Consumer Satisfaction and Complaining Bahaviour, Indiana University School of Business, Bloomington, 7-12.
[24]  Daly, M. (2022) The Gap between Anticipation and Current Life Satisfaction May Indicate Dissatisfaction Rather than Hope. American Journal of Public Health, 112, e1-e2. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.307006
[25]  Russeri, M.A. and Peck, E. (2015) Do (Even) Depressed Individuals Believe That Life Gets Better and Better? The Link between Depression and Subjective Trajectories for Life Satisfaction. Clinical Psychological Science, 3, 715-725.
https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702614547265
[26]  Brusser, M.A. (2022) The Global Belief That “Life Gets Better and Better”: National Differences in Recollected Past, Present, and Anticipated Future Life Satisfaction around the World, across Time, and in Relation to Societal Functioning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 123, 223-247.
https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000415
[27]  Saharinem, T., Koivumaa-Honkanem, H., Hintikka, J., Kylma, J., Lehto, S.M., Honkalampi, K., et al. (2014) The Effect of Long-Term Life Dissatisfaction on Health Related Quality of Life among General Population Subjects. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21, 755-763. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12060
[28]  Rissanen, T., Viinamaki, H., Honkalampi, K., Lehto, S.M., Hintikka, J., Saharinen, T., et al. (2011) Long Term Life Dissatisfaction and Subsequent Major Depressive Disorder and Poor Mental Health. BMC Psychiatry, 11, Article No. 140.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-11-140
[29]  Kimm, H., Sull, J.W., Gombijav, B., Yi, S.W. and Ohrr, H. (2012) Life Satisfaction and Mortality in Elderly People: The Kangwha Cohort Study. BMC Public Health, 12, Article No. 54. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-54
[30]  Pavot, W.G., Dienner, E. and Colvin, C.R. (1991) Further Validation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: Evidence for the Cross-Method Convergence of Well-Being Measurement. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 149-161.
https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5701_17
[31]  Pavot, W.G. and Dienner, E. (1993) Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.5.2.164
[32]  Mekonnen, H.S., Lindgren, H., Geda, B., Azale, T. and Erlandsson, K. (2022) Satisfaction with Life and Associated Factors among Elderly People Living in Two Cities in Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. BMJ Open, 12, e061931. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-061931
[33]  Singh, S. (2014) Defining “Elderly” in Clinical Practice Guidelines for Pharmacotherapy. Pharmacy Practice (Granada), 12, 489.
https://doi.org/10.4321/S1886-36552014000400007
[34]  World Health Organization (2010) Definition of an Older or Elderly Person.
http://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefinolder/en/index.htm
[35]  Pinto, J.M. and Neri, A.L. (2013) Factors Associated with Low Life Satisfaction in Community-Dwelling Elderly: FIBR Study. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 29, 2447-2458. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00173212
[36]  Nagargoje, V.P., James, K.S. and Muhamad, T. (2022) Moderation of Marital Status and Living Arrangement in the Relationship between Social Participation and Life Satisfaction among Older Indian Adults. Scientific Reports, 12, Article No. 20604.
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-25202-5
[37]  Ngoo, Y.T., Tan, E.C. and Tey, N.P. (2021) Determinants of Life Satisfaction in Asia: A Quantile Regression Approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 22, 907-926.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-020-00257-1
[38]  Dimkpa, D.I. (2015) Perspectives of Elder Bias and Abandonment in Nigeria: Implications for Gerontological Counselling. International Journal of Education and Research, 3, 221-232.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413