All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Relative Articles

More...

Impact of Manual Gravel Extraction on Practitioners’ Body Composition and Spirometric Values

DOI: 10.4236/ape.2023.132010, PP. 106-118

Keywords: Body Composition, Spirometric Values, Gravel Extractors, Congo

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The aim is to evaluate the effects of manual gravel extraction on body composition and spirometric values in divers and screeners. Our study is of an experimental and exploratory type, concerned 30 gravel workers distributed as follows: 15 divers and 15 screeners. The variables were carried out before and after four months of months of activity. The results show that the practice of manual gravelling has more significant effects in divers than in scouts on anthropometry (weight 54.42 ± 5.48 kg vs 58.62 ± 3.83 kg; Body Mass Index, 19.64 ± 1.31 kg·m-2 vs 20.46 ± 1.89 kg·m-2), body composition (fat mass 16.70 ± 6.57 vs 20.44 ± 2.06; lean mass 40, 74 ± 5.09 vs 39.90 ± 8.87; Mineral Bone Mass 30.99 ± 7.31 vs 31.87 ± 4.87; Water Mass 4.90 ± 3.13 vs 5.44 ± 0.79) and values spirometry (Forced Respiratory Flow in 25 tiers: 2.87 ± 1.35 vs 4.36 ± 1.89). These results may explain the fact that divers have specific spots with higher intensities and volumes than in screeners. This mercantile?activity requires super maximum efforts and becomes constraining. This study?deserves to be continued in the years to come on the diet and energy expenditure of these practitioners.

References

[1]  Alongo, Y. R. G., Moussouami, I. S., Ongagna, R. A., & Ololo, O. S. S. (2020). Effects of Tsam-Tsam Transport by Bicycle on Cardiovascular, Anthropometric Indices and Energy Expenditure among Transporters in the Congolese Basin. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications, 4, 75-80.
http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers
[2]  Andersen, L. B., Harro, M., Sardinha, L. B., Froberg, K., Ekelund, U., Brage, S., & Anderssen, S. A. (2006). Physical Activity and Clustered Cardiovascular Risk in Children: à Cross-Sectional Study (The European Youth Heart Study). The Lancet, 368, 299-304.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69075-2
[3]  Bouhrour, I. A., Benkhlifa, Z., & Mohand Amer, C. (2021). Impact de l’activité physique régulière sur le mode de vie des enfants actifs et sédentaires.
[4]  Bouti, K., & Abid, A. (2017). Valeurs de référence et équations de prédiction de la spirométrie chez la population marocaine.
[5]  Catteau, R. (2008). La natation de demain: Une pédagogie de l’action. Les Cahiers du sport populaire—FSGT.
[6]  Ewamela, A., Empilo, S., Ndebani, F., Mankoko, L., & Bongbelé, J. (2006). Composition corporelle au cours d’un cross populaire en ambiance chaude et humide. Cahiers Africains de Recherche en Education, 5, 123-132.
[7]  Faye, M. (2012). Effets de la pratique de l’activité physique sur des qualités physiques, physiologiques et des variables anthropométriques d’étudiants de l’inseps.
[8]  Fervers, B. (2019). Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Diseases through Physical Activity. Expertise Collective Collection. Montrouge: EDP Sciences.
[9]  Harms, C. A. (2006). Does Gender Affect Pulmonary Function and Exercise Capacity? Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 28, 124-131.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2005.10.010
[10]  Larbaoui, & Shephard, R. J. (2020). Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health: International Proceedings and Consensus Statement. Human Kinetics Publishers.
[11]  Moro, T., Marcolin, G. et al. (2020). Effects of 6 Weeks of Traditional Resistance Training or High Intensity Interval Resistance Training on Body Composition, Aerobic Power and Strength in Healthy Young Subjects: A Randomized Parallel Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, Article No. 4093.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114093
[12]  Muamba, B. K., Ntumba, J.-M. K., Kalambayi, P. K. et al. (2018). Relation entre composition Corporelle et les valeurs spirométriques dans la population adulte de Kinshasa de 20 à 70 ans.
[13]  Pellegrino, R., Viergi, G., Brusasco, V., & Grapo, R. (2005). Interpretative Strategies for Lung Function Tests. European Respiratory Journal, 26, 948-968.
https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.05.00035205
[14]  Perez-Padilla, R., Valdivia, G., & Muino, A. (2006). Spirometric Reference Values in 5 Large Latin American Cities for Subjects Aged 40 Years or Over. Archivos de Bronconeumología, 42, 317-325.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1579-2129(06)60540-5
[15]  Santana, H., Zoico, E., Turcato, E., Tosoni, P., Bissoli, L., Olivieri, M. et al. (2001). Relation between Body Composition, fat Distribution and Lung Function in Elderly Men. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73, 827-831.
https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/73.4.827

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

WhatsApp +8615387084133

WeChat 1538708413