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Impact of Association between Functional Training and Respiratory Muscle Training in Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial

DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2023.161001, PP. 1-15

Keywords: Physiotherapy, Elderly, Respiratory Training, Muscle Strength, Gerontology

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Abstract:

The elderly population in Brazil has been growing exponentially according to data presented by the IBGE. It is estimated that by 2025 the population will have reached 32 million, placing the country sixth in the world in the population of elderly people. To assess the results of respiratory training associated with functional training on respiratory muscle strength, lung function, and functionality of the elderly. The sample was composed of 40 elderlies, divided into four groups, the experimental group with functional training, one experimental group with functional training associated with respiratory training, one experimental group with respiratory training, and the fourth group, the control group. After the initial and final evaluations, the variables measured were: The Breathing Test, Sit to Stand Test, the SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Spirometry. Twenty appointments were conducted twice a week. There were significant differences for variables maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure; more accentuated in the associated group when compared to the respiratory group; forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in the first second/forced vital capacity were meaningful in the associated group; peak expiratory flow means values increased after the intervention; in the six-minute walk test, we noticed a trend to increase values after the intervention. Functional training as well as associated respiratory muscle training provide the most beneficial changes compared only to functional and respiratory training. Therefore, this may be an effective clinical training method for patients’ elderly.

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