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Visualization of the Machine Learning Process Using J48 Decision Tree for Biometrics through ECG Signal

DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2022.1512026, PP. 287-296

Keywords: J48 Decision Tree, ECG Signal, Biometrics, Machine Learning, Signal Analysis, Machine Learning Trust

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Abstract:

The inherently unique qualities of the heart infer the candidacy for the domain of biometrics, which applies physiological attributes to establish the recognition of a person’s identity. The heart’s characteristics can be ascertained by recording the electrical signal activity of the heart through the acquisition of an electrocardiogram (ECG). With the application of machine learning the subject specific ECG signal can be differentiated. However, the process of distinguishing subjects through machine learning may be considered esoteric, especially for contributing subject matter experts external to the domain of machine learning. A resolution to this dilemma is the application of the J48 decision tree available through the Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (WEKA). The J48 decision tree elucidates the machine learning process through a visualized decision tree that attains classification accuracy through the application of thresholds applied to the numeric attributes of the feature set. Additionally, the numeric attributes of the feature set for the application of the J48 decision tree are derived from the temporal organization of the ECG signal maxima and minima for the respective P, Q, R, S, and T waves. The J48 decision tree achieves considerable classification accuracy for the distinction of subjects based on their ECG signal, for which the machine learning model is briskly composed.

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