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光热转换相变储能材料的研究进展
Research Progress of Phase Change Energy Storage Materials with Solar-Thermal Conversion

DOI: 10.12677/NAT.2022.124035, PP. 352-361

Keywords: 光热转换,相变,储能材料
Solar-Thermal Conversion
, Phase Change, Thermal Energy Storage Materials

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Abstract:

太阳能是一种取之不尽、用之不竭的清洁可再生能源,但其间歇性与不连续性的特点,一定程度上限制了它的发展与商业化应用。基于有机相变材料的潜热存储技术不仅可以完美地解决太阳能自身存在的缺陷,而且能够有效地将太阳能转换成热能并存储起来。本文综述了有机相变材料进行光热转换与存储的基本方法和机理,浅谈了光热转换材料最新的研究进展以及在节能建筑、个人热管理和电子器件的热管理等领域的应用。最后,对光热转换相变储能材料未来的研究重点进行了展望。
Solar energy is a kind of inexhaustible clean and renewable energy, but its intermittency and discontinuity restrict its development and commercial application to a certain extent. Latent heat storage technology based on organic Phase Change Materials (PCMs) can not only perfectly solve the defects of solar energy itself, but also can effectively convert solar energy into heat energy and store it. In this paper, the basic methods and mechanisms of PCMs for solar-thermal conversion and stor-age are reviewed. The latest research progress of solar-thermal conversion materials and their ap-plications in the fields of energy-saving buildings, personal thermal management and thermal management of electronic devices are briefly discussed. Finally, future research focusing on so-lar-thermal conversion PCMs is prospected.

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