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二维MOFs基电催化剂在电解水领域的研究进展
Research Progress of 2D MOFs Based Electrocatalysts in Water Electrol

DOI: 10.12677/NAT.2022.124024, PP. 225-242

Keywords: 二维金属–有机框架,电催化,电解水,合成方法
Two-Dimensional Metal-Organic Frameworks
, Electrocatalysis, Water Splitting, Synthetic Methods

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Abstract:

二维金属–有机框架材料(MOFs)具有较高的比表面积、多孔性、良好的导电性、丰富的活性位点等优异性能,从而引起研究人员们的广泛关注,其中构建二维纳米结构是提高电催化剂催化性能的一种有效途径,尤其是在电解水方面,二维纳米结构作为电催化剂展现出其巨大的应用潜力。目前,研究人员已在二维MOFs材料的制备方面进行了广泛的研究,同时也很好地将二维MOFs材料作为电催化剂用于HER和OER反应当中。在本文当中,分别总结了关于二维MOFs材料自上而下和自下而上的两大类合成方法以及每种方法所存在的优势和缺陷,然后介绍了二维MOFs材料在电解水电催化方面相关的具体应用。最后讨论了二维MOFs材料在电催化方面所面临的挑战和当前的局势,并对未来的发展方向进行了展望。
Two-dimensional metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) materials have attracted the interest of researchers because of their excellent properties such as high specific sur-face area, porosity, good electrical conductivity and abundant active sites. The construction of two-dimensional nanostructures is an effective way to improve the catalytic performance of elec-trocatalysts, especially in water splitting as an electrocatalyst shows great application potential. At present, researchers have made extensive studies on the preparation of two-dimensional MOFs materials, and also well used two-dimensional MOFs materials as electrocatalysts for HER and OER reactions. In this paper, two kinds of synthesis methods of two-dimensional MOFs materials, top-down and bottom-up, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each method are summa-rized, and the application of two-dimensional MOFs in electrolysis and hydropower catalysis is in-troduced. Finally, the challenges and current situation in electrocatalysis of two-dimensional MOFs materials are discussed, and the future development direction was prospected.

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