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Research Progress on Anode Pt-Based Catalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

DOI: 10.12677/NAT.2022.123022, PP. 192-209

Keywords: 直接甲醇燃料电池,Pt基催化剂,合金,甲醇氧化反应,阳极催化剂,载体
Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
, Pt-Based Catalysts, Alloy, Methanol Oxidation Reaction, Anode Catalyst, Carrier

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As an efficient energy conversion device, direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are expected to replace fossil energy because of their high efficiency, safety and convenience, non-environmental pollution, etc. Platinum (Pt) is one of the most excellent anode catalysts for DMFCs due to its excel-lent physical and chemical properties. However, the development of DMFCs has been limited due to their high price and easily suffered from CO poisoning. Therefore, in order to promote the commer-cial development of DMFCs, it is urgent to develop a new type of anode catalyst. Based on this guid-ance, how to develop a Pt-based catalyst with high activity and stability has become one of the hot topics in DMFCs. This work first focuses on the reaction mechanism of methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). Next, the research progress of Pt-based-binary alloy catalysts, ternary alloy catalysts and high entropy alloy catalysts will be discussed in detail. Finally, we will summarize the influence of different factors on MOR performance, and the future development of Pt-based catalysts trend will be prospected.


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