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氨基酸辅助制备无机纳米材料研究进展
Recent Advances in Amino Acid-Assisted Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials

DOI: 10.12677/NAT.2022.123021, PP. 185-191

Keywords: 氨基酸,纳米材料,制备
Amino Aicds
, Nanomaterials, Preparation

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Abstract:

近年来,无机纳米材料在光、电、磁等领域的应用价值获得了人们的广泛关注,于是,纳米材料的可控制备成为该领域的重要内容。氨基酸凭借其独特的结构与元素组成,在纳米材料的可控制备过程中起重要作用。本文综述了氨基酸辅助制备无机纳米材料的几类情况,包括硫化物、氧化物、氟化物等。氨基酸在制备过程中的作用包括:直接作为某种元素的来源使用,以替代某些污染大、成本高的原料;作为表面修饰剂,通过氨基酸自身丰富的官能团对材料表面进行修饰或稳定;作为结构导向剂,控制产物生长的取向。本文将为氨基酸辅助制备无机纳米材料提供一定的理论指导。
Recently, inorganic nanomaterials have attracted widespread attention for their application value in the fields of optics, electricity and magnetism, thereby; the controllable preparation of nanomaterials has become an important content in these fields. Amino acids play an important role in the controllable preparation of nanomaterials by virtue of their unique structures and elemental compositions. In this paper, several categories of amino acid-assisted preparation of inorganic nanomaterials are reviewed, including sulfides, oxides and fluorides. The functions of amino acids in the preparation process include: directly used as a source of certain elements to replace some raw materials with high pollution and high cost; as surface modifiers, the surface of the material is modified or stabilized by the rich functional groups of amino acids; as structural directing agents that control the orientation growth of product. This work will provide some theoretical guidance for the amino acid-assisted preparation of inorganic nanomaterials.

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