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From Traditional Approach to Ecological Dynamics Approach with the Italian Young Soccer Players

DOI: 10.4236/ape.2022.123016, PP. 201-216

Keywords: Ecological Dynamic, Constraints, Young Soccer Players

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Abstract:

The team sports are looking for a methodology capable of structuring more effectively the prerequisites necessary for the training of the future athlete/player. In recent years in the field of motor activities, methodological research has made it possible to outline new approaches aimed at involving the cognitive area together with the motor one. For many years, the demand for motor tasks in analytic form prevailed over other modes of presentation of the motor and technical task. This belief was due to linear motion patterns that were popular in motor behavior theories from the 1960s to 2000s and which somehow still prevail in current practice. However, the demands of mastering a soccer game require much more than just physical or technical skill. In fact, in sports open skills the perceptual, decisional and cognitive aspects play a very significant role in solving motor problems. This study describes the methodological paradigm change in the model of youth soccer starting in Italy, and aims to describe methods of intervention and phases that distinguish it from the traditional approach.

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