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微胶囊的制备方法研究进展
Progress in Preparation Methods of Microcapsules

DOI: 10.12677/NAT.2022.122003, PP. 19-25

Keywords: 微胶囊,壁材,制备方法
Microcapsule
, Wall Material, Preparation Method

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Abstract:

微胶囊因其优越的结构和性能特征使得微胶囊技术成为当今世界重点发展的技术之一,本文介绍了微胶囊的常用壁材和微胶囊的制备方法,微胶囊的壁材主要分为天然高分子材料、半合成高分子材料和合成高分子材料这三大类。微胶囊的常用制备方法主要分为物理法、化学法以及物理化学法,本文详细论述了各种方法不同的适用对象和优缺点,同时对微胶囊技术现阶段的应用和存在的一些问题进行展望,以期为微胶囊的发展提供理论指导。
Microcapsule technology has become one of the key technologies in the world because of its superior structure and performance. The common wall materials of microcapsules and the preparation methods of microcapsules are introduced in this paper. The wall materials of microcapsules are mainly divided into three categories: natural polymer materials, semi-synthetic polymer materials and synthetic polymer materials. The preparation methods of microcapsules are physical methods, chemical methods and physicochemical methods. In this paper, the different applicable objects, advantages and disadvantages of various methods are discussed in detail, and the current application and existing problems of microcapsule technology are prospected in order to provide theoretical guidance for the development of microcapsules.

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