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-  2019 

The Negative Impact of Higher Body Mass Index on Sperm Quality and Erectile Function: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Chinese Males of Infertile Couples

DOI: 10.1177/1557988318822572

Keywords: body mass index, erectile function, obesity, sperm motility, sperm volume

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Abstract:

The objective of the current study was to explore the role of body mass index (BMI) in sperm quality and erectile function in Chinese males of infertile couples. A total of 28 fertility centers in different regions of China were enrolled. Patient data were collected from June 1, 2017, through October 31, 2017. Semen analyses and demographic data were collected and the five-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire was used to evaluate the erectile function in participants with different BMIs. In total, 3,174 Chinese men of infertile couples with an average age of 33.11 ± 6.08 years were enrolled. The occurrence of obesity, overweight, normal weight, and underweight were 5.4%, 36.6%, 56.8%, and 1.2%, respectively. In addition to hypertension and diabetes, primary infertility, a longer course of infertility, and chronic prostatitis were risk factors for obesity. Compared with men of normal weight, adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for men with obesity, overweight, and underweight for semen volume <2 ml were 2.53 (95% CI [1.61, 3.97]), 1.33 (95% CI [1.09, 1.62]), and 0.84 (95% CI [0.29, 2.43]); for sperm progressive motility (A + B) (%) <32, the ORs were 1.60 (95% CI [1.16, 2.22]), 1.30 (95% CI [1.12, 1.51]), and 1.03 (95% CI [0.54, 1.98]); and for IIEF-5 ≤ 21, the ORs were 1.52 (95% CI [1.10, 2.10]), 1.11 (95% CI [0.96, 1.30]), and 0.62 (95% CI [0.31, 1.26]), respectively. Obesity was associated with lower semen volume, lower sperm motility, and erectile dysfunction in Chinese males of infertile couples

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