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-  2017 

Mandible protraction alters Type I collagen, osteocalcin and osteonectin gene expression in adult mice condyle

DOI: 10.11138/ads/2017.8.3.095

Keywords: bone biology, growth evaluation, molecular biology, CT, condyle growth, gene expression

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Mandible condyle remodeling is a great challenge on craniofacial growth studies. The great majority of the reports deals with growing period. However, there is a great necessity to clarify the importance of functional stimulation on adult mandible condyle remodeling. By using an adult mouse model, we investigated the influence of mandible forwarding on condyle remodeling and gene expression by bone forming cells. Tomographic and scintigraphic evaluations showed sagittal growth and cell activity enhancement. RT-PCR showed that Type I collagen, osteocalcin and osteonectin expression level can be altered. We showed that functional stimulation is necessary to maintain the regular gene expression by condyle bone forming cells in adult mice. It opens new frame for further investigations aiming new clinical approaches to temporomandibular joint problems treatment, as well as mandible retrusion treatment


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