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-  2019 

Risk of Psychiatric Morbidity in Psychosexual Disorders in Male Patients: A Nationwide, Cohort Study in Taiwan

DOI: 10.1177/1557988319842985

Keywords: psychosexual disorders, psychiatric disorders, males, Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, National Health Insurance Research Database, cohort study

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Abstract:

This study aimed to investigate the association between males with psychosexual disorders (PSDs) and the risk of developing psychiatric disorders. A total of 34,972 enrolled patients, with 8,743 subjects who had suffered from PSD and 26,229 controls (1:3) matched for age and index year, from Taiwan’s Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) from 2000 to 2015, selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). After adjusting all the confounding factors, the multivariate Cox regression model was used to compare the risk of developing psychiatric disorders, between the PSD and non-PSD groups, during the 15 years of follow-up. Of the all enrollees, 1,113 in the PSD cohort and 2,611 in the non-PSD cohort (1,180.96 vs. 954.68 per 100,000 person-year) developed psychiatric disorders. Multivariate Cox regression model survival analysis revealed that, after adjusting for gender, age, monthly income, urbanization level, geographic region, and comorbidities, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 2.448 (95% CI [2.227, 2.633], p < .001). PSD has been associated with the increased risk in anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, bipolar disorders, sleep disorders, and psychotic disorders, respectively. Sexual dysfunctions, paraphilia, and gender identity disorders were associated with the overall psychiatric disorders with adjusted HRs as 1.990 (p < .001), 11.622 (p < .001), and 5.472 (p < .001), respectively. Male patients who suffered from PSD have a higher risk of developing psychiatric disorders, and this finding should be considered as a timely reminder for the clinicians to provide much more attention for these patients because of their mental health issues

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