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以SARS为例看新冠肺炎对外贸的影响
Take SARS as an Example to See the Effect of COVID-19 on Foreign Trade

DOI: 10.12677/ETW.2020.101001, PP. 1-7

Keywords: SARS,新冠肺炎,对外贸易,影响
SARS
, COVID-19, Foreign Trade, Impact

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Abstract:

2003年爆发的SARS与2019年出现的“新型冠状病毒肺炎”(以下简称新冠肺炎)都是严重危害公众安全的公共卫生事件,二者都影响到中国以及全世界人民的社会生活,外贸行业也因此面临巨大冲击。本文通过对SARS于新冠肺炎发展过程的论述,通过分析生产、运输、贸易规模所遇到的困难,主要贸易市场变化和进出口结构暂时变化带来的挑战,找出疫情对外贸的影响。通过对地方政府保证资金供应方式的探讨,找出开辟外贸绿色通道,提高企业加速转型升级的速度,以及维持传统市场,开辟新兴市场,同时增加我国媒体的国际影响力等建议,最后给出外贸行业在疫情面前两次承压,需要从长、短期两个方面寻求突破的结论。
The outbreak of SARS in 2003 and the covid-19 (hereinafter referred to as covid-19) in 2019 are both public health events that seriously endanger public safety, both of which have affected the social life of people around the world, and therefore the foreign trade industry is facing a huge impact. This paper discusses the development process of SARS and COVID 19, analyzes the diffi-culties encountered in production, transportation and trade scale, as well as the challenges brought by changes in major trade markets and temporary changes in import and export structure, and finds out the impact of the epidemic on foreign trade. Based on local governments to ensure capital supply way, find the open green channel of foreign trade, improve the speed of enterprises to accelerate the transformation and upgrading, and maintain the traditional market, open up new markets, at the same time increase the international influence of the media and so on in China, the foreign trade industry is given before the outbreak of two pressure, needs to seek breakthrough from two aspects of long and short-term results.

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