Using the 2011-2012 county-level panel data, the
paper empirically investigates whether counties exited from the poverty
alleviation program affect their economic growth. The identification uses the
adjustment of lists of national poverty counties initiated by Chinese
government in 2011. It shows that the poverty alleviation program leads to large
gains in economy growth that are eventually reversed when the counties quit
from the program. Besides, the fiscal revenues and expenditures significantly decline
when previous national poverty counties are excluded from the lists.
Moretti, E. (2014) Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies, and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129, 275-331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qje/qjt034
The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development (2003) Summary of Poverty Alleviation and Development in Rural Areas of China. China Financial and Economic Publishing Press, China.
Park, A. and Wang, S. (2010) Community-Based Development and Poverty Alleviation: An Evaluation of China’s Poor Village Investment Program. Journal of Public Economics, 94, 790-799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2010.06.005
Yu, B., Shi, K., Hu, Y., Huang, C., Chen, Z. and Wu, J. (2015) Poverty Evaluation Using NPP-VIIRS Nighttime Light Composite Data at the County Level in China. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations & Remote Sensing, 8, 1-13.