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Physics  1998 

Topological phase transition in 2D quantum Josephson array

DOI: 10.1016/0038-1098(96)00424-3

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Abstract:

Path Integral Quantum Monte Carlo simulation is used to study thermodynamic properties and a phase diagram of 2D quantum Josephson array, described by 2+1 XY model. The helicity and vorticity moduli, correlation function of phases and other characteristics of the system as functions of quantum parameter $q$ and temperature $T$ are studied ($q=2e/\sqrt{JC_0}$, $J$ is the Josephson coupling constant, $C_0$ is the intragrain capacitance). Quantum fluctuation induced superconductor - normal phase transition is studied in detail through the use of behavior of above-mentioned quantities. No discontinuous or reentrant phase transition in $q-T$ plane is found. Analysis of the vorticity and the renormalized coupling constant leads to the conclusion that the whole line of phase transition is of Kosterlitz - Thouless type.

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