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A Vila Getúlio Cabral e as ocupa es organizadas de terras urbanas no Rio de Janeiro

Keywords: occupation of urban land , social housing , urban planning

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This article discusses the occupation process of Getúlio Cabral Village, in Duque de Caxias, RJ, inserted into a organized occupation of unused land movement in Rio de Janeiro's Metropolitan Area, that took place between 1980 ―with Brazil's re-democratization process― and the mid-1990s. This kind of informal housing production sought to build settlements that, although arising from an illegal land occupation, could become, over time, an official neighborhood of the city, with a regular land situation and state investments in infrastructure. With the goal “to make housing policy with its own hands”, these movements organized not only the action of its participants in the occupation process, but also developed urban projects and ordered the land use regulation. Thus, partially respecting the existing urban legislations, and sometimes reserving spaces for the subsequent installation of public facilities, these occupied land would have facilitated their integration processes to the official city. Because this social movement has been approached by reduced specialized literature, in this study we chose to conduct field interviews, both with social leaders ―especially Luiz Cabral, key player in the Getúlio Cabral Village occupation― as with state government officials who worked with these movements, in order to facilitate the subsequent settlement of occupied land. We also used photographic documentation produced by the very leaders of this occupation process. With this reflection, we intend to contribute to the understanding of a movement that forced the state to take a stand facing a real situation: the occupation of urban land to ensure housing access, facing a lack of housing public policy that could meet lower income segments of the population.


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