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Improved MFCC Feature Extraction Combining Symmetric ICA Algorithm for Robust Speech Recognition

DOI: 10.4304/jmm.7.1.74-81

Keywords: independent component analysis , speech feature extraction , speech recognition

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Abstract:

Independent component analysis (ICA), instead of the traditional discrete cosine transform (DCT), is often used to project log Mel spectrum in robust speech feature extraction. The paper proposed using symmetric orthogonalization in ICA for projecting log Mel spectrum into a new feature space as a substitute in extracting speech features to solve the problem of cumulative error and unequal weights that deflation orthogonalization brings, so as to improve the robustness of speech recognition systems, and increase the efficiency of estimation at the same time. Furthermore, the paper studied the nonlinearities of the objective function in ICA and their coefficients, tested them in all kinds of environments, finding that they influenced the recognition rate greatly in speech recognition systems, and applied a new coefficient in the proposed method. Experiments based on HMM and Aurora-2 speech corpus suggested that the new method was superior to deflation-based ICA and MFCC.

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