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Keywords: Reform , Transformation , Institutions , Deinstitutionalization

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What path will residential care go on – that is one of the current social policy issues at present times. Are the institutional forms of social care and residential services kind of obsolete forms that have no longer place in a new conception of social services? Deinstitutionalization of residential care services is an ideologicalconception, which is part of the reform program of transformation of social care services. It is a process of humanization of the institutional care with an emphasis on meeting individual rights and needs of every client in order to avoid unreasonable directives of conventional institutions. The goal of deinstitutionalization is nota cancellation or reduction of capacity of residential facilities: It is a regime deinstitutionalization, change within the institution through some changes in the management of the institution. The necessary changes are following: A new approach, a new understanding and a new thinking of executives of organizations, who will perceive the trends and will assume a progress in the near future. The conception of management in social care services is to use all existing knowledge in social sciences, which can be applied to the management of social care services. It is necessary to lookat social care services as a system of social policy and as well as an executive organization, which aims to provide assistance.


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