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BeST - Belgian screening tools: making available decision-making tools in nursing

Keywords: Nursing , reliability and validity , scale , review.

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Abstract:

Aim: Some nurses have no idea about the validity and the reliability of scales used in practice. These tools are not easily available. The aim of the Belgian Screening Tools – BeST – project was to develop a database with validated tools with an overview of psychometric criteria for the scales that can be use in nursing practice.Methods: A literature review was performed to identify the validated and reliable scales. Therefore, a search filter was used in several databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, Cinahl, Invert). The following inclusion criteria were used: articles published in English, French, Dutch and German between 1993 and 2009. The selected themes were: disorientation, pressure ulcer risk, oral health, nausea and vomiting, coma, pain, fatigue, sedation,cognitive function, functional and psychological state, nutrition, continence, wound care, self care, quality of life and catheter care.Results: On 141 selected scales, 20 can specifically be applied to child, 24 to adult, 48 to elderly and 49 were not specific to a target group; 42 scales can be used by nurses, 21 by doctors, 39 by all caregiver and 20 by patients themselves. All validated tools were included in the “Belgian Screening Tools” (BeST)-database which is regularly up-dated. For every theme and scale there is a description, the target group is pointed out, and evidence table has been made and the references were specified.Conclusion: These validated scales can be freely accessible and downloaded on the website – www.best.ugent. be. They can easily be selected and used in practice. Prat Organ Soins 2010;41(1):167-179

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