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La colonoscopia como prueba de oro para la pesquisa del cáncer colorrectal Colonoscopy like gold standard test for colorectal cancer screening

Keywords: cáncer colorrectal , cáncer de colon , métodos de pesquisa , estrategias de cribado , colonoscopia , colorectal cancer , colon cancer , screening methods , screening strategies , colonoscopy

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Abstract:

El cáncer colorrectal presenta alta morbilidad y mortalidad. A pesar de esto, los programas de cribajes en desarrollo no son suficientes para modificar su comportamiento. La colonoscopia es la prueba de oro para la pesquisa y diagnóstico de esta neoplasia y sus lesiones premalignas, por la posibilidad de la exploración total del colon, sin embargo, su alto costo y disponibilidad hacen que existan detractores en cuanto a su uso como un método primario de pesquiza. Se revisó este tema acerca de la utilidad de la colonoscopia como herramienta de cribado para disminuir los índices de morbilidad y de mortalidad por cáncer colorrectal. Colorectal cancer presents a high incidence and mortality. In spite of this, current developing screening programs are not enough to modify its behavior. Colonoscopy is the gold test for this neoplasia investigation and diagnostic and its premalignant lesions, since it gives the possibility of the colon total exploration: However, its high cost and readiness hold detractors concerning its use as a primary method of screening. this issue was reviewed on the usefulness of colonoscopy as a screening tool to reduce morbidity and mortality from colorectal cancer.

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