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Assessment of in vivo fluorescence method for chlorophyll-a estimation in optically complex waters (Curuai floodplain, Pará - Brazil) Avalia o do método de fluorescência in vivo para a estimativa da concentra o de clorofila-a em águas opticamente complexas (planície de inunda o do Curuai, Pará - Brasil)

Keywords: fluorescência in vivo , clorofila-a , planície de inunda o do Curuai , componentes opticamente ativos , in vivo fluorescence , chlorophyll-a , Curuai floodplain , optically active constituents

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AIM: This paper describes an experiment carried out to evaluate in vivo fluorescence (IVF) as an alternative method for chlorophyll-a estimation in optically complex aquatic environment (Amazon floodplain lakes) METHODS: The experiment consisted of collecting in situ measurements at 26 sampling stations distributed throughout Curuai floodplain lakes. For each sampling station the following parameters were measured: temperature, turbidity, depth, Secchi depth, chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentration, total suspended solids (TSS) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), concurrently with several transects of IVF. Two methods were tested for quantifying the fluorescence measurement to be used as input for the chlorophyll-a estimates: instantaneous IFV and average IVF. Global and regional models were tested and assessed by analyzing optically active components (Chl-a, DOC and TSS) of the water. RESULTS: Regardless of fluorescence estimating method, the results indicate that it was not possible to fit a global model for estimating Chl-a from IVF for all the lakes in the Curuai floodplain. Regional models provided contrasting results according to the concentration of optically active components. The best results were observed for aquatic systems with a single dominant component homogenously distributed throughout the lake. The results highlight the influence of the ratios Chl-a/TSS, Chl-a/DOC and Phaephytin/Chl-a in the relationship between IVF and chlorophyll concentration. CONCLUSIONS: It was not possible to develop a global model to account for the entire region of Curuai floodplain. The search for regional models provided insights on the main factors affecting the relationship between IVF and Chl-a concentration. Nevertheless this work reinforces the great potential of fluorometry technique, since even with a small number of samples it was possible to set a good model in the main lake of the Curuai floodplain. In spite the fact that this is not an accurate method, it is very useful for assessing the chlorophyll spatial distribution with relatively low cost. These possibilities are very interesting in the execution of field missions in the Amazon region. OBJETIVO: Este trabalho descreve os experimentos realizados para avaliar as medidas de fluorescência in vivo (IVF) em um ambiente aquático opticamente complexo (planície de inunda o amaz nica), como método alternativo para a quantifica o da clorofila-a na água. MéTODOS: Foram coletados parametros de qualidade da água em 26 esta es amostrais distribuídas em diversos lagos da planície de inunda o de Curuai: temper

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