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Development of Regression Models for Assessing Fire Risk of Some Indian Coals

Keywords: Spontaneous Combustion , Crossing Point Temperature , Proximate Analysis , Coal

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Abstract:

Spontaneous combustion of coals leading to mine fires is a major problem in Indian coal mines that creates serious safety and mining risk. A number of experimental techniques based on petrological, thermal and oxygen avidity studies have been used for assessing the spontaneous heating liability of coals all over the world. Crossing point temperature (CPT) is one of the most common methods in India to assess the fire risk of coal so that appropriate strategies and effective action plans could be made in advance to prevent occurrence and spread of fire and hence minimize coal loss. In this paper, the spontaneous heating risks of some of the Indian coals covering few major coalfields were assessed using CPT apparatus. Statistical analysis was carried out between CPT and the proximate analysis parameters and it was found that the Mixture Surface Regression (MSR) model was more effective and gave very good residual values as compared to the polynomial and simple multiple regression models. The performance of Anderson-Darling testing was done between the prediction results of MSR model and measured value of CPT showed that the residual follows normal distribution hence justifies the suitability of model for the prediction of spontaneous heating liability of coal.

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