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Thermal Conversion of Waste Plastics (HDPE, PP and PS) to Produce Mixture of Hydrocarbons

DOI: 10.5923/j.ajee.20120205.03

Keywords: Waste Plastic, Thermal Decomposition, Hydrocarbon, Condensation, Polyethylene, Polystyrene, polypropylene

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Abstract:

Thermal conversion process was applied with three types of waste plastic mixture and waste plastics mixture to liquid hydrocarbon fuel production in present of oxygen under laboratory Labconco fume hood without adding any kind of catalyst. Utilization of the process described can reduce the impact of waste plastics significantly. Thermal decomposition of the most common plastics such as high density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP) and polystyrenes (PS) has been conducted to produces a mixture of hydrocarbons. The thermal process applied of mixed waste plastics using a steel reactor at 25- 430℃ has been investigated. The reactor was connected with standard condensation unit with water circulator system. Waste plastics are broken down into shorter chain hydrocarbon compounds from long chains during the thermal conversion process without adding catalyst or chemical. Produced fuel was analysis by using GC/MS, FT-IR and DSC and from GC/MS analysis result showed hydrocarbon chain range C3 to C28 into fuel and produce fuel can be use as feed stock refinery or power plant for electricity generation or can use for internal combustion engine.

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