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Frecuencia y factores de riesgo de la hipertrofia ventricular izquierda como marcador de da?o cardiovascular en el trasplante renal

Keywords: renal transplantation, left ventricular hypertrophy, risk factors, cardiovascular complications, graft dysfunction.

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introduction: the cardiovascular complications are frequent and are the leading cause of death in patients underwent renal transplantation and its high incidence is due to multiple risk factors. objectives: to determine the frequency of the left ventricle hypertrophy as a marker of cardiovascular damage and the risk factors leading to its appearance. methods: a case-control, cross-sectional and prospective study was conducted in 70 patients with renal transplantations and underwent a conventional echocardiogram to determine the presence or not of left ventricle hypertrophy and it was related to cardiovascular risk factors by means of a univariate and multivariate study (logistic regression) with cardiovascular risk factors. results: the cardiovascular affections were the second cause of loss of patients in present study (33,1%). the left ventricle hypertrophy was found in the 45 (64 %) of screened patients. the dyslipidemia, the use of a cyclosporine and the graft dysfunction, were the complications in the univariate and the multivariate study (independent factor) , p < 0,05, the conditional favoring the existence of left ventricle hypertrophy, assertions that are the research conclusions.


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