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Luxa??o coxofemoral traumática em c?es e gatos: estudo retrospectivo (1997-2006)

DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782009000600028

Keywords: hip joint, traumatic dislocation, sense.

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Abstract:

the traumatic coxofemoral luxations are important orthopedics injuries in dogs and cats due to their great frequency. the main causes are the automobilistic accidents and craniodorsal appearance is the most frequent. this injury can affect any breed, sex and age, however, adult animals are most frequently involved. close reduction is the first choice of treatment, but at some circumstances the use of open/surgical methods are necessary. this study aims to evaluate the incidence, predisposition, etiology and results of treatments of traumatic hip luxation at the santa maria federal university veterinary hospital. for this, a retrospective study of surgical service was made between 1997 and 2006 in this hospital. it was observed a high incidence of traumatic luxations (75.8%), and the most frequent cause was hit t by a car trauma (58.6%), followed by falls (17.3%), unknown agents (17.2%) and fights (6.9%). the canine/feline proportion was 58/2, with the males being the most affected in both species: 65.5% at dogs and 100% at cats. the most predicts breed involved was the poodle (44.8%) and the mixed breed dogs (20.7%). the treatments options used were suture of capsule (18.3%), transacetabular pinnig (56.7%) and femoral head and neck excision (25%). the success rate was 71.1% in the first two techniques, proving itself efficient in the traumatic coxofemoral luxation reduction, thus, femoral head and neck excision are recommended in complications and impossibility.

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